Flexible plastic bioreactors for photobiological hydrogen production by hydrogenase-deficient cyanobacteria.
ABSTRACT Uptake hydrogenase mutant cells of the cyanobacterium Nostoc sp. PCC 7422 photobiologically produced H(2) catalyzed by nitrogenase for several days in H(2)-barrier transparent plastic bags, and accumulated H(2) in the presence of O(2) evolved by photosynthesis. Their H(2) production activity was higher in the sealed flexible bags than in stoppered serum bottles of fixed gas volume.
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ABSTRACT: In order to determine the effects of the deletion of hydrogenase genes on nitrogenase-based photobiological H(2) productivity by heterocystous N(2)-fixing cyanobacteria, we have constructed three hydrogenase mutants from Anabaena sp. PCC 7120: hupL(-) (deficient in the uptake hydrogenase), hoxH(-) (deficient in the bidirectional hydrogenase), and hupL(-)/ hoxH(-) (deficient in both genes). The hupL(-) mutant produced H(2) at a rate four to seven times that of the wild-type under optimal conditions. The hoxH(-) mutant produced significantly lower amounts of H(2) and had slightly lower nitrogenase activity than wild-type. H(2) production by the hupL(-)/ hoxH(-) mutant was slightly lower than, but almost equal to, that of the hupL(-) mutant. The efficiency of light energy conversion to H(2) by the hupL(-) mutant at its highest H(2) production stage was 1.2% at an actinic visible light intensity of 10 W/m(2) (PAR) under argon atmosphere. These results indicate that deletion of the hupL gene could be employed as a source for further improvement of H(2) production in a nitrogenase-based photobiological H(2) production system.Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology 05/2002; 58(5):618-24. · 3.69 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: This review article explores the potential of using mariculture-raised cyanobacteria as solar energy converters of hydrogen (H(2)). The exploitation of the sea surface for large-scale renewable energy production and the reasons for selecting the economical, nitrogenase-based systems of cyanobacteria for H(2) production, are described in terms of societal benefits. Reports of cyanobacterial photobiological H(2) production are summarized with respect to specific activity, efficiency of solar energy conversion, and maximum H(2) concentration attainable. The need for further improvements in biological parameters such as low-light saturation properties, sustainability of H(2) production, and so forth, and the means to overcome these difficulties through the identification of promising wild-type strains followed by optimization of the selected strains using genetic engineering are also discussed. Finally, a possible mechanism for the development of economical large-scale mariculture operations in conjunction with international cooperation and social acceptance is outlined.Marine Biotechnology 01/2007; 9(2):128-45. · 2.74 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: We describe a strategy to establish cyanobacterial strains with high levels of H(2) production that involves the identification of promising wild-type strains followed by optimization of the selected strains using genetic engineering. Nostoc sp. PCC 7422 was chosen from 12 other heterocystous strains, because it has the highest nitrogenase activity. We sequenced the uptake hydrogenase (Hup) gene cluster as well as the bidirectional hydrogenase gene cluster from the strain, and constructed a mutant (Delta hupL) by insertional disruption of the hupL gene. The Delta hupL mutant produced H(2) at 100 mumoles mg chlorophyll a (-1) h(-1), a rate three times that of the wild-type. The Delta hupL cells could accumulate H(2) to about 29% (v/v) accompanied by O(2) evolution in 6 days, under a starting gas phase of Ar + 5% CO(2). The presence of 20% O(2) in the initial gas phase inhibited H(2) accumulation of the Delta hupL cells by less than 20% until day 7.Marine Biotechnology 01/2007; 9(1):101-12. · 2.74 Impact Factor