Fluorescence Characterization of the Transfer RNA-like Domain of Transfer Messenger RNA in Complex with Small Binding Protein B

Department of Chemistry, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan 48202, United States.
Biochemistry (Impact Factor: 3.19). 04/2012; 51(17):3531-8. DOI: 10.1021/bi201751k
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Transfer messenger RNA (tmRNA) and small binding protein B (SmpB) are the main components of the trans-translation rescue machinery that releases stalled ribosomes from defective mRNAs. Little is known about how SmpB binding affects the conformation of the tRNA-like domain (TLD) of tmRNA. It has been previously hypothesized that the absence of a D stem in the TLD provides flexibility in the elbow region of tmRNA, which can be stabilized by its interaction with SmpB. Here, we have used Förster resonance energy transfer to characterize the global structure of the tRNA-like domain of tmRNA in the presence and absence of SmpB and as a function of Mg(2+) concentration. Our results show tight and specific binding of SmpB to tmRNA. Surprisingly, our data show that the global conformation and flexibility of tmRNA do not change upon SmpB binding. However, Mg(2+) ions induce an 11 Å compaction in the tmRNA structure, suggesting that the flexibility in the H2a stem may allow different conformations of tmRNA as the TLD and mRNA-like domain need to be positioned differently while moving through the ribosome.

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    ABSTRACT: The interest in RNA modification enzymes surges due to their involvement in epigenetic phenomena. Here we present a particularly informative approach to investigate the interaction of dye-labeled RNA with modification enzymes. We investigated pseudouridine (Ψ) synthase TruB interacting with an alleged suicide substrate RNA containing 5-fluorouridine (5FU). A longstanding dogma, stipulating formation of a stable covalent complex was challenged by discrepancies between the time scale of complex formation and enzymatic turnover. Instead of classic mutagenesis, we used differentially positioned fluorescent labels to modulate substrate properties in a range of enzymatic conversion between 6% and 99%. Despite this variegation, formation of SDS-stable complexes occurred instantaneously for all 5FU-substrates. Protein binding was investigated by advanced fluorescence spectroscopy allowing unprecedented simultaneous detection of change in fluorescence lifetime, anisotropy decay, as well as emission and excitation maxima. Determination of Kd values showed that introduction of 5FU into the RNA substrate increased protein affinity by 14× at most. Finally, competition experiments demonstrated reversibility of complex formation for 5FU-RNA. Our results lead us to conclude that the hitherto postulated long-term covalent interaction of TruB with 5FU tRNA is based on the interpretation of artifacts. This is likely true for the entire class of pseudouridine synthases.
    Nucleic Acids Research 10/2014; 42(20). DOI:10.1093/nar/gku908 · 8.81 Impact Factor

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