Prognostic value of high-sensitivity troponin I versus troponin T in acute coronary syndromes.
ABSTRACT Despite superior diagnostic accuracy of high-sensitivity cardiac troponins, their prognostic value has not been validated against conventional cardiac troponins.
To test the prognostic value of high-sensitivity cardiac troponin I (hs-cTnI), compared with conventional cardiac troponin T (cTnT) in the setting of non-ST elevation acute coronary syndromes.
At hospital admission, a plasma sample was collected from 103 consecutive patients with unstable angina or non-ST elevation acute myocardial infarction. In this sample, troponin was measured both by hs-cTnI and cTnT methods. Their prognostic value was compared as to the occurrence of major cardiovascular events, defined as a combination of death, nonfatal acute myocardial infarction or refractory unstable angina during hospitalization.
During median hospitalization of 8 days (interquartile range = 5 - 11), the incidence of cardiovascular events was 10% (5 deaths, 3 non-fatal myocardial infarctions and 2 non-fatal refractory anginas). High-sensitivity troponin I significantly predicted cardiovascular events, with a C-statistics of 0.73 (95% CI = 0.59 - 0.87), similarly to cTnT (0.70; 95% CI = 0.55 - 0.84) - P = 0.75. The definition of positive cardiac marker that provided the best prognostic accuracy was hs-cTnI > 0.055 µg/L and cTnT > 0.010 µg/L, with equal sensitivity of 90% and specificity of 52% for both assays. Positive hs-cTnI was associated with 17% incidence of events, compared with 2% in patients with negative hs-cTnI (P = 0.02).
High-sensitivity troponin I predicts cardiovascular events similarly to conventional troponin T in the setting of non-ST-elevation ACS.