Distraction Plating for the Treatment of Highly Comminuted Distal Radius Fractures in Elderly Patients
ABSTRACT To evaluate internal distraction plating for the management of comminuted, intra-articular distal radius fractures in patients greater than 60 years of age at two level 1 trauma centers. We specifically desired to determine whether patients would have acceptable results from the clinical standpoint of range of motion, Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (DASH) score, and the radiographic measurements of ulnar variance, radial inclination, and palmar tilt. Our hypothesis was that distraction plating of comminuted distal radius fractures in the elderly would result in acceptable outcomes regarding range of motion, DASH score, and radiographic parameters and would, thereby, provide the upper extremity surgeon with another option for the treatment of these fractures.
A retrospective review was performed on 33 patients over 60 years of age with comminuted distal radius fractures treated with internal distraction plating at two level 1 trauma centers. Patients were treated with internal distraction plating across the radiocarpal joint. At the time of final follow-up, radiographs were evaluated for ulnar variance, radial inclination, and palmar tilt. Range of motion, complications, and DASH scores were also obtained.
We treated 33 patients (mean age, 70 y) with distraction plating for comminuted distal radius fractures. At final follow-up, all fractures had healed, and radiographs demonstrated mean palmar tilt of 5° and mean positive ulnar variance of 0.6 mm. Mean radial inclination was 20°. Mean values for wrist flexion and extension were 46° and 50°, respectively. Mean pronation and supination were 79° and 77°, respectively. At final follow-up, the mean DASH score was 32.
In the elderly, distraction plating is an effective method of treatment for comminuted, osteoporotic distal radius fractures.
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ABSTRACT: Volar locking plates have provided surgeons with enhanced capability to reliably repair both simple and complex fractures and avoid the hardware-related complications associated with dorsal plating. However, there have been an increasing number of published reports on the frequency and types of complications and failures associated with volar locked plating of distal radius fractures. An informed, critical assessment of distal radius fracture characteristics will allow surgeons to select an individualized treatment strategy that maximizes the likelihood of a successful outcome. Knowledge of the anatomy, patterns, and characteristics of the diverse types of distal radius fractures and the complications and failures associated with volar locked plating will be helpful to orthopaedic surgeons who treat patients with these injuries.Instructional course lectures 01/2014; 63:27-37.
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ABSTRACT: Background Radiocarpal fracture-dislocations are challenging injuries that are often associated with postoperative pain, stiffness, instability, or early arthrosis. Case Description We report a 1-year follow-up of a ligamentous radiocarpal dislocation (Dumontier group I) treated with a dorsal wrist-spanning plate and volar capsular repair with good results. Literature Review Historically, Dumontier group I injuries treated with a variety of techniques (closed reduction and casting, percutaneous pinning, and open fixation) have been associated with stiffness and loss of reduction. Clinical Relevance Distraction plating is a safe and effective technique for treating select distal radius fractures, and we suggest it has the potential to produce good outcomes when used to treat radiocarpal fracture-dislocations.11/2014; 3(4):265-8. DOI:10.1055/s-0034-1394134
The Journal Of Hand Surgery 11/2014; 40(2). DOI:10.1016/j.jhsa.2014.10.005 · 1.66 Impact Factor