In-vitro maturation of human oocytes: before or after vitrification?

Research Laboratory on Human Reproduction, Medicine Faculty, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium, Campus Erasme, Brussels, Belgium.
Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics (Impact Factor: 1.82). 04/2012; 29(6):507-12.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT This study aims to determine if in-vitro maturation (IVM) of human immature oocytes should be performed before or after vitrification.
A total of 184 immature oocytes were randomly divided into two different groups: 100 were vitrified at metaphase II (MII) stage 24 h-48 h after IVM (group 1) and 84 were immediately vitrified at germinal vesicle (GV) or metaphase I (MI) stages and in vitro matured after warming (group 2).
Survival rate after warming was similar in both groups (86.9% versus 84.5%). However, oocyte maturation rate per collected oocyte was significantly higher for oocytes matured before vitrification (group 1, 46%) than for oocytes vitrified before IVM (group 2, 23.8%) (p < 0.01). Consequently, the number of MII oocytes inseminated per oocyte collected was significantly higher for group 1 (40%) than for group 2 (23.8%) (p < 0.05).
IVM procedure is more efficient when it is performed before oocyte vitrification.

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    ABSTRACT: This study was designed to evaluate the efficiency of two oocyte vitrification-warming procedures using two different devices: Superfine Open Pulled Straws (SOPS) and Cryolock, as well as the effect of the co-culture of vitrified immature oocytes with fresh granulosa cells to improve in vitro maturation (IVM). Immature oocytes were vitrified with two procedures: A) Oocytes were exposed to an increasing concentration of ethylene glycol (EG) from 4 to 35% with 0.5 M trehalose. They then, were loaded in SOPS or Cryolock. For warming, oocytes were exposed to decreasing concentrations of trehalose 0.3, 0.2 and 0.1 M for IVM. B) Oocytes were exposed to two mixtures of EG and dimethylsulfoxide (Me2SO), at 7.5% and 16%, both with 0.4 M of sucrose and then loaded in SOPS or Cryolock and stored in liquid nitrogen. For warming, oocytes were exposed to a single concentration of sucrose 0.5 M. After warming, viability was determined; and after 44 h of IVM both viability and meiotic stages were evaluated. The results indicate no significant differences between procedures A and B with SOPS in all maturation stages, reaching a maximum maturation rate of 21%. As to Cryolock, significant differences were observed between both procedures, being procedure B, more efficient with a yield of 38% in MII stage and increased to 49% due to the co-culture with fresh granulosa cells. In conclusion, viability and maturation rates were improved with Cryolock and procedure B with the co-culture system in vitrified immature oocytes.
    Cryobiology 08/2014; · 1.64 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study is to determine the link between oocyte cryopreservation and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress; whether ER stress inhibition improves the efficiency of oocyte vitrification is also explored. Oocytes from mice were exposure to tauroursodeoxycholic acid (TUDCA, an ER stress inhibitor) or TM (Tunicamycin, an ER stress inducer) with or without vitrification. The expressions of X-box binding protein-1 (XBP-1) protein and caspase-12 protein, viability of vitrified-warmed oocytes, and their subsequent embryo competence were measured. The levels of XBP-1 protein and caspase-12 protein expression in vitrified-warmed oocytes were significantly higher than those of fresh control oocytes. TUDCA improved the viability of vitrified-warmed oocytes and their subsequent embryo competence. Mouse oocyte cryopreservation is associated with ER stress, and ER stress inhibition improves the efficiency of oocyte vitrification. Copyright © 2014. Published by Elsevier Inc.
    Cryobiology 12/2014; 70(1). · 1.64 Impact Factor
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May 21, 2014