Selective chemical imaging of static actin in live cells.

Department of Chemical Biology, Max-Planck-Institute of Molecular Physiology, Dortmund, Germany.
Journal of the American Chemical Society (Impact Factor: 11.44). 04/2012; 134(20):8480-6. DOI: 10.1021/ja211708z
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT We have characterized rationally designed and optimized analogues of the actin-stabilizing natural products jasplakinolide and chondramide C. Efficient actin staining was achieved in fixed permeabilized and non-permeabilized cells using different combinations of dye and linker length, thus highlighting the degree of molecular flexibility of the natural product scaffold. Investigations into synthetically accessible, non-toxic analogues have led to the characterization of a powerful cell-permeable probe to selectively image static, long-lived actin filaments against dynamic F-actin and monomeric G-actin populations in live cells, with negligible disruption of rapid actin dynamics.

1 Bookmark
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Chemically induced dimerization (CID) has proven to be a powerful tool for modulating protein interactions. However, the traditional dimerizer rapamycin has limitations in certain in vivo applications because of its slow reversibility and its affinity for endogenous proteins. Described herein is a bioorthogonal system for rapidly reversible CID. A novel dimerizer with synthetic ligand of FKBP′ (SLF′) linked to trimethoprim (TMP). The SLF′ moiety binds to the F36V mutant of FK506-binding protein (FKBP) and the TMP moiety binds to E. coli dihydrofolate reductase (eDHFR). SLF′-TMP-induced heterodimerization of FKBP(F36V) and eDHFR with a dissociation constant of 0.12 μM. Addition of TMP alone was sufficient to rapidly disrupt this heterodimerization. Two examples are presented to demonstrate that this system is an invaluable tool, which can be widely used to rapidly and reversibly control protein function in vivo.
    Angewandte Chemie International Edition 07/2014; · 11.34 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Myxobacteria have proven to be highly valuable sources of natural products, as they produce a variety of secondary metabolites with unique structures and often new modes of action. In this study, high-content screening is demonstrated to be a convenient tool for bioactivity-guided isolation of natural products from crude bacterial extracts. By the application of focused, image-based screens we were able to identify over 30 novel chondramide derivatives from Chondromyces sp. MSr9030, some of which were present in only minute amounts. These cyclic depsipeptides were shown to target actin filaments with a similar binding mode to that of the mushroom toxin phalloidin. Fermentations of the myxobacterial strain were carried out under improved cultivation conditions, and supplementation of the culture broth with potassium bromide afforded the production of brominated analogues that are superior (in terms of biological activity) to all chondramides described to date. Initial biological profiling of 11 new derivatives in comparison to the reference compounds (chondramides A-C) showed that bromo-chondramide C3 and propionyl-bromo-chondramide C3 are the most active in cell-based studies, with GI50 values on human cancer cell lines in the low nanomolar range. Given that these brominated C3 analogues were also less potent on noncancerous human cells (by a factor of 2 to 4 in comparison to cancer cell lines), our results can aid further structure-activity relationship-guided development of chondramides, either as molecular probes or pharmaceutical agents.
    ChemBioChem 08/2013; · 3.06 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We introduce far-red, fluorogenic probes that combine minimal cytotoxicity with excellent brightness and photostability for fluorescence imaging of actin and tubulin in living cells. Applied in stimulated emission depletion (STED) microscopy, they reveal the ninefold symmetry of the centrosome and the spatial organization of actin in the axon of cultured rat neurons with a resolution unprecedented for imaging cytoskeletal structures in living cells.
    Nature Methods 05/2014; · 25.95 Impact Factor


Available from
May 21, 2014