Chapter 1 Definitions, strategies and principles for bioindication/biomonitoring of the environment

Trace Metals and other Contaminants in the Environment 01/2003; 6:3-39. DOI: 10.1016/S0927-5215(03)80131-5

ABSTRACT In the context of environmental monitoring studies bioindicators reflect organisms (or parts of organisms or communities of organisms) that contain information on quality of the environment (or a part of the environment). Biomonitors, on the other hand, are organisms (or parts of organisms or communities of organisms) that contain informations on the quantitative aspects of quality of the environment. When data and information obtained by bioindication are moved up to the level of knowledge the subjectivity of interpretation increases with the complexity and dynamics of a system (“staircase of knowing”).In this article clearcut definitions are attempted for most terms used in environmental monitoring studies. From there a comparison of instrumental measurements with the use of bioindicators/biomonitors with respect to harmonisation and quality control will be drawn. Precision, accuracy, calibration and harmonisation in between national standards and international routines seem to be the leading goals in quality studies of international working groups dealing with biomonitoring throughout the world. Common strategies and concepts will fill the gap in between single source results and integrated approaches related either for human health aspects or environmental protection purposes, f.e. via biodiversity monitoring. Here we report on well established monitoring programmes like Environmental Specimen Banking (ESB) or newly developed strategies as the Multi-Markered Bioindication Concept (MMBC) with its functional and integrated windows of prophylactic health care.

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Available from: Anton M Breure, Sep 27, 2015
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    • "[3] Use of plant bioindicators is a convenient tool for determining harmful results of human activity. [4] Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) are an abundant and widespread class of brominated flame retardant additives. Although their use has been restricted, they are found in the environment even in areas where no local sources of these compounds exist. "
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    ABSTRACT: Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) are persistent xenobiotics with harmful effects on humans and wildlife. Their levels in the environment and accumulation in biota must be carefully controlled especially in species harvested from wild populations and commonly used as medicines. Our objective has been to determine PBDE concentrations (BDEs 28, 47, 66, 85, 99, 100, 153, 154, 183 and 209) in Centaurium erythraea collected at sites with various levels of environmental pollution. PBDE congener profiles in C. erythraea were dominated by BDE209, which accounted for 47-89% of the total PBDE burden in the plants. Principal Component and Classification Analysis, which classifies the concentration of PBDEs in C. erythraea, allowed us to distinguish the pattern of these compounds characteristic for the origin of pollution: BDEs 28, 47, 66, 85, 99, 100 for lignite and general chemical industry and the vicinity of an expressway and BDEs 183 and 209 for a thermal power plant and ferrochrome smelting industry. Careful selection of sites with C. erythraea for medicinal purposes is necessary as this herb can accumulate PBDEs while growing at polluted sites.
    Journal of Environmental Science and Health Part A 08/2015; nn(nn):nn. DOI:10.1080/10934529.2015.1064282 · 1.16 Impact Factor
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    • "Many lichens, mosses and higher plant species have been employed as bioindicators (Harmens et al., 2013; Kefauver et al., 2014; Llop et al., 2012; Noth et al., 2013; Paoletti et al., 2009; Remon et al., 2013; Sawidis et al., 2011). Among the standardized biomarkers measured in such species are the visible leaf injury after microscopic validation and xenobiotic substance accumulation in different organs, such as heavy metals or polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) (Benham et al., 2010; Beramendi-Orosco et al., 2013; Desalme et al., 2013; Fr€ ainzle, 2003; Markert et al., 2003; Simonich and Hites, 1994; Weiss et al., 2003). The passive biomonitoring commonly conducted in the Northern Hemisphere, which is based on selected responses of native species in the forest ecosystem under evaluation, has high ecological relevance. "
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    ABSTRACT: This study summarizes the first effort to search for bioindicator tree species and respective potential biomarkers for future assessment of potential mixed pollution effects on the highly diverse Atlantic Forest in SE-Brazil. Leaves of the three most abundant species inventoried in a phytosociological survey (Croton floribundus, Piptadenia gonoacantha and Astronium graveolens) were collected in four forest remnants during winter and summer (2012). Their potential bioindicator attributes were highlighted using a screening of morphological, chemical and biochemical markers. The leaf surface structure and/or epicuticular wax composition pointed the accumulator properties of C. floribundus and P. gonoacantha. C. floribundus is a candidate for assessing potential accumulation of Cu, Cd, Mn, Ni, S and Zn. P. gonoacantha is a candidate to monitor polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. Increased levels of secondary metabolites and decreased antioxidant capacity in leaves of A. graveolens may support its value as a bioindicator for oxidative pollutants by visible dark stipplings. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Environmental Pollution 07/2015; 202. DOI:10.1016/j.envpol.2015.03.018 · 4.14 Impact Factor
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    • "Air quality can be monitored by measuring the concentration of pollutants in the air or directly on deposits by building models that describe the transport of pollutants or by using biomonitors (Markert et al. 2003). Biomonitoring is a means to detect the deposition, accumulation, and distribution of trace metals in ecosystems. "
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    ABSTRACT: For the first time, the moss biomonitoring technique and inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometric (ICP-AES) analytical technique were applied to study multi-element atmospheric deposition in Albania. Moss samples (Hypnum cupressiforme) were collected during the summer of 2011 and September-October 2010 from 62 sites, evenly distributed over the country. Sampling was performed in accordance with the LRTAP Convention-ICP Vegetation protocol and sampling strategy of the European Programme on Biomonitoring of Heavy Metal Atmospheric Deposition. ICP-AES analysis made it possible to determine concentrations of 19 elements including key toxic metals such as Pb, Cd, As, and Cu. Cluster and factor analysis with varimax rotation was applied to distinguish elements mainly of anthropogenic origin from those predominantly originating from natural sources. Geographical distribution maps of the elements over the sampled territory were constructed using GIS technology. The median values of the elements in moss samples of Albania were high for Al, Cr, Ni, Fe, and V and low for Cd, Cu, and Zn compared to other European countries, but generally were of a similar level as some of the neighboring countries such as Bulgaria, Croatia, Kosovo, Macedonia, and Romania. This study was conducted in the framework of ICP Vegetation in order to provide a reliable assessment of air quality throughout Albania and to produce information needed for better identification of contamination sources and improving the potential for assessing environmental and health risks in Albania, associated with toxic metals.
    Environmental Science and Pollution Research 01/2014; 21:2506–2518. DOI:10.1007/s11356-013-2091-1 · 2.83 Impact Factor
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