Purification and characterization of β-agarase from agar-liquefying soil bacterium, Acinetobacter sp., AG LSL-1
ABSTRACT The extracellular β-agarase LSL-1 produced by an agar-liquefying, soil bacterium Acinetobacter sp., AG LSL-1 was purified to homogeneity by combination of ion-exchange and size exclusion chromatography with final yield of 44%. The enzyme has a specific activity of 397 U mg−1 protein and with a molecular mass of 100 kDa. The agarase was active in the pH range of 5.0–9.0, optimally at pH 6.0 and temperature between 25 °C and 55 °C and optimal at 40 °C. The enzyme retained 63% of native activity at 50 °C suggesting it is a thermostable. The activity of the agarase was completely inhibited by metal ions, Hg2+, Ag+ and Cu2+, whereas 25–40% of native activity was retained in the presence of Zn2+, Sn2+ and SDS. Neoagarobiose was the final product of hydrolysis of both agarose and neoagarohexaose by the purified agarase LSL-1. Based on the molecular mass and final products of agarose hydrolysis, the β-agarase LSL-1 may be further grouped under group III β-agarases and may be a member of GH-50 family. This is the first report on the purification and biochemical characterization of β-agarase from an agar-liquefying Acinetobacter species.
- SourceAvailable from: Dr. Basawaraj Ashok Koti[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The agarases were purified for the first time an using aqueous two-phase system (ATPS) consisting of polyethylene glycol (PEG) and phosphate salt. The three extracellular, alkaline agarases produced by Pseudomonas aeruginosa AG LSL-11 were efficiently extracted into the top PEG-rich layer. The influencing factors on the partition of agarases--molecular weight of the PEG, system pH, system temperature, and NaCl concentration--were investigated. All the factors were found to have a significant effect on the partition of agarases except NaCl. The optimal ATPS parameters for the partitioning and purification of agarases were found to be 12% PEG 600 and 11.9% (w/w) phosphate salt at pH 8.0 and 4°C. All three agarases were concentrated in the top PEG phase with 6.19-fold purity and 71.21% recovery. The ATPS was found to be more convenient and economical than the conventional ion-exchange chromatography (IEC) method for extraction of three agarases and could be significantly employed for the purification of agarases from fermentation broth.Preparative Biochemistry & Biotechnology 07/2012; 42(4):364-77. · 0.41 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The production of agar-oligosaccharides from agarose by free and immobilized agarase, obtained from a Pseudomonas aeruginosa AG LSL-11 was investigated and the activity, longevity and the operational stability of immobilized enzyme was compared with that of the free enzyme. The agar hydrolyzed products of free enzyme and immobilized enzyme were neoagarobiose, neoagarotetraose and neoagarohexaose as evidenced by LC-MS analysis. The immobilization of agarase was confirmed by SEM and also by the enzymatic transformation of agarose into agar-oligosaccharides. The free agarase showed maximum activity at 40 o C, whereas it's immobilized counterpart showed maximum activity at 45 o C, however, the optimum pH for both systems remained unchanged (pH 8.0). The relative activities of free agarase at pH 9.0 and 10.0 were 90 and 74%, respectively, whereas, the corresponding activities of the immobilized system were determined to be 97 and 90%. The stabilities of free agarase at pH 9.0 and 10.0 were 80 and 60% respectively, but for the immobilized system the respective residual activities were estimated to be 97 and 85%. Immobilized agarase appears to be more tolerant to high temperatures in terms of its activity and stability as it is compared to that of the free enzyme which retained 74 and 50.84% of relative activity at 55 and 60 o C while, free agarase retained only 40 and 16.79% of its original activity. Furthermore, the immobilized agarase could be reused in batches efficiently for eight cycles, and could be stored for 3 months at 4 o C as wet beads and for more than 6 months as dry beads.Biotechnology and Bioprocess Engineering 08/2012; 18:333-341. · 1.28 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Agar is a major gelling agent used both in food and pharmaceutical applications. Traditional purification of agar is generally performed by sequential time consuming chemical and/or physical steps, leading to both poor recovery yields and low productivities. As a consequence, only 30% of the amount of agar produced is actually available under purified form to feed the world market. The current limiting factor for purification is the presence of sulphated compounds such as sulphated-agaropectin, which strongly affect the technological properties of the agar gel such as gel strength, melting and fusion temperatures and electroendosmosis. In this context, this communication aims at discussing about the development of a biorefining agar purification approach which allows overcoming the current limitations associated with traditional purification methods. More specifically, this article focuses on the potential role of arylsulphatases in agar purification processes to reduce the number of purification steps and to improve recovery yields. This review first presents the global gelling agents market before focusing on agar characteristics and production processes. Then, after a brief reminder of the sulphur metabolism, the roles, classes and properties of the different arylsulphatases are described to draw perspectives on their integration in current or new agar production processes.Process Biochemistry 09/2013; 48(12):1861-1871. · 2.44 Impact Factor