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Solids under Pressure. Ab Initio Theory.

physica status solidi (b) (Impact Factor: 1.49). 09/1998; DOI: 10.1002/(SICI)1521-3951(199901)211:13.0.CO;2-N
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ABSTRACT Parameter-free calculations based on the density-functional theory are used to examine high-pressure phases of solids, mainly semiconductors. For the elemental semiconductors, as represented by Si, the diamond!fi-tin!Imma sequence is examined, and for III-V semiconductors the optimization of the structural parameters of the Cmcm and Imm2 phases is described. The structural energy differences are in several cases very small, and in some too small to allow a safe structure prediction on the basis of the calculations. In that context we also discuss ways to go beyond the local density approximation (LDA). We show that the predicted high-pressure phases may be significantly affected by inclusion of (generalized) gradient corrections (GGA). Elemental Zn (hcp) is further taken as an example where we find that the simple LDA leads to poor results. 1 I. INTRODUCTION Theoretical studies of cohesive, structural and vibrational properties of semiconductors under pressure are now routinely bein...

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