Effects of succinylacetone on dimethylsulfoxide-mediated induction of heme pathway enzymes in mouse Friend virus-transformed erythroleukemia cells
ABSTRACT Heme has been reported to exert a control over its own biosynthesis and to affect the erythroid differentiation process at different sites. In this study, succinylacetone, a powerful inhibitor of δ-aminolevulinic acid dehydrase was used to block heme synthesis and to study the effects of heme depletion on the dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO)-mediated induction of the heme pathway enzymes in Friend virus-transformed erythroleukemia cells. The presence of succinylacetone in the medium during the DMSO treatment (1) potentiates the induction of δ-aminolevulinic acid synthetase (the first enzyme of the pathway) and this effect is reversed by the addition of exogenous hemin; (2) does not affect the induction of δ-aminolevulinic acid dehydrase (the second enzyme); (3) prevents the induction of porphobilinogen deaminase (the third enzyme), since no increase could be detected in either the enzyme activity or the immunoreactive protein and this effect could not be reversed by the addition of exogenous hemin; (4) does not affect the induction of ferrochelatase. The possible role of heme or of intermediate metabolites of the pathway on the induction of these enzymes during the erythroid differentiation process is discussed.
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ABSTRACT: Murine erythroleukaemia (MEL) cells are virus-transformed erythroid precursor cells that, when induced to differentiate by dimethyl sulphoxide (DMSO), will initiate haem biosynthesis by the induction and synthesis de novo of all of the enzymes of the haem-biosynthetic pathway. The activities of porphobilinogen (PBG) deaminase (EC 184.108.40.206), coproporphyrinogen oxidase (EC 220.127.116.11), protoporphyrinogen oxidase (EC 18.104.22.168), ferrochelatase (EC 22.214.171.124) and NADH:ferric iron reductase, as well as the synthesis of the enzyme ferrochelatase and the levels of excreted porphyrins, were monitored during DMSO-induced differentiation of MEL cells in culture. The data demonstrate that PBG deaminase and protoporphyrinogen oxidase activities rise rapidly and early, in comparison with ferrochelatase activity, which rises more slowly, and coproporphyrinogen oxidase activity, which decreases by 60% within 24 h of induction before returning to initial levels by 72 h. NADH:ferric iron reductase activity increases slightly, but is always present at levels higher than needed for haem synthesis. Total immunoprecipitable ferrochelatase also rises slowly and parallels the increase in its activity, suggesting that it is not synthesized early in a slowly processed precursor form. Examination of culture media demonstrated that, whereas excretion of protoporphyrin and coproporphyrin occurs within 24 h of induction, coproporphyrin is excreted in amounts 4-15 times greater than protoporphyrin.Biochemical Journal 05/1991; 275 ( Pt 2):321-6. · 4.65 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Reduced erythroblast 5-aminolaevulinate (ALA) synthase activity was observed during iron/haem deficient erythropoiesis. Enzyme activity was reduced approximately threefold to levels similar to those previously detected during sideroblastic erythropoiesis. This response would appear to be erythroblast specific as haem deficiency is known to stimulate hepatic ALA synthase activity. It is, however, unclear as to whether this reduced enzyme activity relates to iron deficiency or to the consequent haem deficiency.British Journal of Haematology 09/1991; 78(4):561-4. · 4.94 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: In many types of cells the synthesis of δ-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) limits the rate of heme formation. However, results from our laboratory with reticulocytes suggest that the rate of iron uptake from transferrin (Tf), rather than ALA synthase activity, limits the rate of heme synthesis in erythroid cells. To determine whether changes occur in iron metabolism and the control of heme synthesis durihg. Erythroid cell development Friend erythroleukemia cells induced to erythroid differentiation by dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO) were studied. While added ALA stimulated heme synthesis in uninduced Friend cells (suggesting ALA synthase is limiting) it did not do so in induced cells. Therefore the possibility was investigated that, in induced cells, iron uptake from Tf limits and controls heme synthesis. Several aspects of iron metabolism were investigated using the synthetic iron chelator salicylaldehyde isonicotinoyl hydrazone (SIH). Both induced and uninduced Friend cells take up and utilize Fe for heme synthesis directly from Fe-SIH without the involvement of transferrin and transferrin receptors and to a much greater extent than from saturating levels of Fe-Tf (20 μM). Furthermore, in induced Friend cells 100 μM Fe-SIH stimulated 2-l4C-glycine incorporation into heme up to 3.6-fold as compared to the incorporation observed with saturating concentrations of Fe-Tf. In contrast, Fe-SIH, even when added in high concentrations, did not stimulate heme synthesis in uninduced Friend cells but was able to do so as early as 24 to 48 h following induction. In addition, contrary to previous results with rabbit reticulocytes, Fe-SIH also stimulated globin synthesis in induced Friend cells above the level seen with saturating concentrations of transferrin. These results indicate that some step(s) in the pathway of iron from extracellular Tf to protoporphyrin, rather than the activity of ALA synthase, limits and controls the overall rate of heme and possibly hemoglobin synthesis in differentiating Friend erythroleukemia cells.Journal of Cellular Physiology 10/1986; 129(2):185 - 192. · 4.22 Impact Factor