Pulsatile drug delivery systems using hydrogels
ABSTRACT In recent years, temporal control of drug delivery has been of interest to achieve improved drug therapies. Intelligent drug delivery systems (DDS) are one expected result, demonstrating an ability to sense external environmental changes, judge the degree of external signal, and release appropriate amounts of drug. Intelligent DDS may be achieved using stimuli-responsive polymeric hydrogels which alter their structure and physical properties in response to external stimuli. Pulsatile drug release has the advantages of avoiding drug tolerance or matching the body's release of specific peptides or hormones. In this review, recent studies for pulsatile drug delivery in response to stimuli such as chemical agents, pH, electric fields, and temperature are discussed. Achievement of pulsatile drug release from stimuli-responsive polymeric hydrogels as on-off switches and its mechanism are reviewed in terms of control for stimuli-responsive swelling.
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ABSTRACT: Stimuli-responsive (smart) hydrogels have attracted widespread attention as biomimetic systems due to their ability to respond to subtle changes in external and internal stimuli ranging from physical triggers such as temperature and electric field to chemical triggers like glucose and pH. Besides their intriguing behavior, the main interest in such smart hydrogels lies in their potential industrial and biomedical appli-cations. Some of these applications include injectable biomaterials, tunable surfaces for cell sheet engin-eering, sensors, and actuators. In this review, we discuss the fundamental principles underlying the stimuli-responsive behavior of hydrogels and how these properties have led to major technological inno-vations. We also review recent advancements in the field of hydrogels, including self-healing and stimuli-responsive degradation in hydrogels. We conclude by providing a perspective on the potential use of smart hydrogels as multifunctional, bioactuating systems for cell and tissue engineering.Biomaterials Science. 02/2014; 2:603-618.
- Agronomy for Sustainable Development 01/2014; 35(1):47-66. · 2.84 Impact Factor