Synthesis of bacterial celluloses in multiwalled carbon nanotube-dispersed medium
ABSTRACT Carbon nanotubes are considered to be the ideal multi-functional filler, although there is some debate regarding their toxicity for bio-related applications. The bacteria, Gluconacetobacter xylinum, which produce bacterial cellulose, were cultured in a multiwalled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) dispersed Hestrin and Schramm (HS) medium by shaking incubation. The MWCNTs were functionalized with polyethylene glycol to prepare a stable MWCNT-dispersed HS medium and its stability was characterized by measuring the transmittance of a pulsed near infrared light. To investigate the toxicity of the MWCNTs to bacteria, we also introduced a green fluorescent protein gene into the bacteria and observed the fluorescence via confocal microscopy to confirm the presence of live bacteria in the MWCNT-dispersed HS medium. On the bases of the electron microscopy observations, a substantial number of MWCNTs were found to be well-dispersed and attached to the surface of the bacterial cellulose fibrils.
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ABSTRACT: Carbon nanotubes (CNT) are well-ordered, high aspect ratio allotropes of carbon. The two main variants, single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNT) and multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT) both possess a high tensile strength, are ultra-light weight, and have excellent chemical and thermal stability. They also possess semi- and metallic-conductive properties. This startling array of features has led to many proposed applications in the biomedical field, including biosensors, drug and vaccine delivery and the preparation of unique biomaterials such as reinforced and/or conductive polymer nanocomposites. Despite an explosion of research into potential devices and applications, it is only recently that information on toxicity and biocompatibility has become available. This review presents a summary of the performance of existing carbon biomaterials and gives an outline of the emerging field of nanotoxicology, before reviewing the available and often conflicting investigations into the cytotoxicity and biocompatibility of CNT. Finally, future areas of investigation and possible solutions to current problems are proposed.Carbon. 01/2006;
Article: Carbon nanotube interaction with DNANano Lett. 01/2005; 5(5):897-900.
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ABSTRACT: The structure of bacterial cellulose is affected by the bacterial strain used, culture media and cultivation conditions. In this study, acid-treated multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs) were added into a static culture medium and their effect on bacterial cellulose structure was studied by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), atomic force microscopy (AFM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), CP/MAS (13)C NMR and X-ray diffractometry. The bacterial cellulose ribbons and the MWNTs interwound and formed a three-dimensional network architecture. Band-like assemblies with sharp bends and rigidity were also produced in the presence of MWNTs. The intermolecular hydrogen bonds in bacterial cellulose produced in the presence of MWNTs were weakened. The crystal structure, cellulose I(alpha) content, crystallinity index (CrI) and crystallite size all changed. The results may suggest that the acid-treated MWNTs containing hydroxyl groups interact with the sub-elementary bacterial cellulose fibrils, subsequently interfering with the aggregation and crystallization.Carbohydrate Research 02/2008; 343(1):73-80. · 2.04 Impact Factor