May Cathepsin D Immunoreactivity Be Used as a Prognostic Factor in Endometrial Carcinomas? A Comparative Immunohistochemical Study
ABSTRACT Objective. To investigate the prognostic value of immunohistochemical detection of cathepsin D and the association between cathepsin D and established prognostic factors in endometrial carcinoma.Methods. Cathepsin D immunoreactivity was determined by an immunohistochemical technique in a series of 79 patients with surgical stage I–III primary endometrial carcinoma.Results. Of 79 tissue specimens, 48 (61%) showed a positive reaction for cathepsin D. A significant correlation between cathepsin D and histological grade was found (P < 0.05). The other established clinicopathological prognostic factors were not associated with cathepsin D. There was not any significant difference in prognosis between the positive cases and negative cases for cathepsin D (P > 0.05). In the univariate analysis cathepsin D immunoreactivity did not show significant prognostic value for overall survival (P > 0.05). The multivariate analysis also showed that cathepsin D was not related to patient outcome (P = 0.24, relative risk = 0.34, 95% confidence interval = 0.05–2.09).Conclusions. Our results suggest that cathepsin D immunoreactivity may not be of prognostic value but more studies are needed to evaluate the relationship between its immunoreactivity in tumor cells and in other cells.
- Human Pathlogy 10/1994; 25(9):847-8. · 2.84 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Cathepsin D is an acidic lysosomal protease present in all cells. In breast cancer cells, pro-cathepsin D expression and secretion are markedly increased and its processing is altered. This protease is induced by estrogens and growth factors. In vitro, pro-cathepsin D is an autocrine mitogen on breast cancer cells and can be auto-activated to degrade extracellular matrix and proteoglycans in acidic microenvironment. In patients, there is a significant correlation between high cathepsin D concentrations in the cytosol of primary breast cancer and development of metastasis. This marker is independent of other prognostic factors and appears to be particularly useful in lymph node-negative tumors. These results suggest that derouting and overexpression of cathepsin D plays an important role in invasion and metastasis of breast cancer cells.Seminars in Cancer Biology 05/1990; 1(2):153-60. · 7.44 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Cathepsin D (Cath D) levels were assayed in a prospective series of 72 patients with primary ovarian carcinoma, by using an immunoradiometric assay. Cath D levels ranged from 2.00 to 45.60 pmol/mg protein with a median value of 15.80 pmol/mg protein. Cath D levels were higher in metastatic deposits than in primary tumors (median 24.12, range 9.33-98.33 pmol/mg protein versus median 12.76, range 2.00-45.20 pmol/mg protein; P = 0.04). The cut-off levels of the lower, median and upper quartiles of the distribution of Cath D were identified to distinguish patients with low, intermediate, and high Cath D content. Cases with low Cath D content showed a lower percentage of complete response to chemotherapy than cases with intermediate and high Cath D content (22% versus 65% and 47%, respectively) (P = 0.003). Moreover cases with high Cath D content showed a worse prognosis with respect to patients with intermediate Cath D levels (P = 0.09). Interestingly, cases with low Cath D content had a shorter progression-free survival with respect to cases with intermediate Cath D content (P = 0.04). Cath D status retained an independent prognostic value when assessed in the multivariate analysis.European Journal of Cancer 02/1994; 30A(7):935-40. · 5.06 Impact Factor