Kinetic and reaction mechanisms of calcium bisulfite catalytic oxidation
ABSTRACT In this paper, the oxidation of calcium bisulfite in the presence of ferrous ions as a catalyst is studied in a laboratory scale apparatus at a fixed oxygen partial pressure (21.3 kPa) and at a temperature of 45 °C. The analysis of the experimental results, carried out by using the theory of mass transfer with chemical reaction, indicates that the slow reaction regime has been explored, and the transition from the kinetic to the diffusional subregime identified. A kinetic analysis allows to develop a reaction rate equation, assuming that the bisulfite oxidation in the presence of ferrous ions follows a parallel reaction mechanism; the resulting overall reaction rate has been found to be of first order with respect to ferrous ion concentration and of three halves with respect to bisulfite concentration. Moreover, the catalytic effect of ferrous ions has been compared with that of manganese ions previously studied, showing that ferrous is a catalyst more active than manganese.