Article

Ethanol-sensing characteristics of cadmium ferrite prepared by chemical coprecipitation

Shanghai University, Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China
Materials Chemistry and Physics (Impact Factor: 2.13). 11/1999; 61(3):192-198. DOI: 10.1016/S0254-0584(99)00133-9

ABSTRACT The microstructure, electrical property and gas-sensing characteristics of complex compounds in the CdO–Fe2O3 system have been investigated. Raw powder with Cd/Fe = 1 : 2 was prepared by chemical coprecipitation method. The results from thermal gravimetric-differential thermal analysis and X-ray diffraction measurement indicate that decomposition of CdCO3 takes place from 350 to 500°C, and the solid reaction in CdO–Fe2O3 system starts at 570°C; the completion of this reaction is up to 800°C. Single phase of CdFe2O4 is composed of spheroidic grains with narrow size distribution between 50 and 150 nm. Sample calcined at 650°C consists of smaller grains with different shape and sizes due to the presence of three phases, i.e., CdFe2O4, CdO and α-Fe2O3. The sensors based on Cd–Fe complex oxides show a high sensitivity and selectivity to C2H5OH gas over CO, H2 and i-C4H10. The sensor made of 650°C sample operates at 380°C, and its sensitivity to 200 ppm C2H5OH gas is up to 90, but its sensitivity to 1000 ppm H2, CO or i-C4H10 are only 7.5, 4 and 5, respectively.

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