Phase and group modal birefringence of an index-guiding photonic crystal fibre with helical air holes
ABSTRACT In this paper, we propose a novel photonic crystal fibre (PCF) with high phase birefringence and very low group birefringence. It is composed of a solid silica core and a cladding with helix-pattern air holes. Using a full-vector finite-element method, we study the phase and group modal birefringence of such PCF at various air-hole sizes, pitches and wavelengths. Owing to this innovative structure of air holes, a high phase to group modal birefringence rate is obtained. Its phase modal birefringence is as large as 10−4 magnitude; however, the group modal birefringence of this PCF is at 10−7–10−6. The phase birefringence is 2 orders of magnitude larger than group birefringence over a broad wavelength span, which means that the light with different polarization and effective index has almost a same group velocity. As a result, the group modal birefringence that closely relates to the polarization modal dispersion is negligible.
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ABSTRACT: A selectable infiltrating large hollow core photonic band-gap fiber is fabricated with simple arc discharge technique. The offset, discharge duration, arc current and discharge times are optimized for selected sealing side air-holes but leave the central large air-hole partially open. The collapse length of the PCF is shortened by increasing the number of discharges and offset with discharge duration and arc current kept at a relatively low level. Light with the wavelength located at the photonic band-gap can still propagate while the central hollow air-hole is infiltrated with a kind of oil with refractive index of 1.30. The selectable infiltrating large hollow core photonic band-gap fiber has potential application for implementing novel lasers, sensors and tunable optoelectronic devices.Chinese Science Bulletin 58(21). · 1.32 Impact Factor