Evidence that the σ1 receptor is not directly coupled to G proteins

Neuroscience Program, The George Washington University Medical Center, Washington, DC 20037, USA; Department of Pharmacology, The George Washington University Medical Center, Washington, DC 20037, USA
European Journal of Pharmacology (Impact Factor: 2.59). 01/2000; DOI: 10.1016/S0014-2999(00)00774-3

ABSTRACT Sigma (σ) receptors have been implicated in psychosis, cognition, neuroprotection, and locomotion in the central nervous system. The signal transduction mechanisms for σ receptors have not been fully elucidated. In this study, we examined the possible coupling between σ1 receptors and heterotrimeric guanine nucleotide-binding proteins (G proteins) in rodent brain. In σ1 receptor-rich cerebellar membrane preparations, the competitive binding curves of two σ1 agonists, (+)pentazocine and 1S,2R-(−)-cis-N-[2-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)ethyl]-N-methyl-2-(1-pyrrolidinyl)cyclohexylamine (BD737), were unaffected by the addition of 10 μM guanosine-5′-O-(γ-thio)-triphosphate (GTPγS). Neither (+)pentazocine (1–100 μM) nor BD737 (0.01–10 μM) stimulated GTPase activities significantly above basal levels in agonist-stimulated GTPase activity assays in cerebellar membranes. Furthermore, when using the method of agonist-stimulated [35S]GTPγS binding as assessed by autoradiography, we did not observe significant stimulation of [35S]GTPγS binding in rat brain sections by either (+)pentazocine or BD737. The above results demonstrate that the σ1 receptor is not likely be directly coupled to G proteins.

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