Specific elevation of transcript levels of particular protein subtypes induced in brown adipose tissue by cold exposure

Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Tokushima, Shomachi-1, Tokushima 770-8505, Japan
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (Impact Factor: 4.66). 05/2000; DOI: 10.1016/S0005-2728(00)00107-9

ABSTRACT To understand the difference in metabolic flow in rat brown adipose tissue (BAT) from that in white adipose tissue (WAT) at the molecular level, we examined the steady-state transcript levels of 39 proteins in both adipose tissues with and without cold exposure by Northern blot analysis. In addition to the transcript levels of uncoupling protein isoforms, those of proteins involved in the transport and catabolism of fatty acids and glucose in BAT were elevated by cold exposure, suggesting the stimulation of utilization of fatty acids and glucose as fuels in BAT. As to these changes, the muscle-type subtypes were remarkable; and therefore, they were suggested to be responsible for the cold exposure-induced acceleration of energy expenditure in BAT. Furthermore, of the isoforms of β-adrenergic receptor (β-AR) and CCAAT enhancer binding protein (C/EBP), transcript levels of β1-AR and C/EBPβ in BAT were increased by the cold exposure. Possible roles of these proteins in energy metabolism in BAT were discussed.

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    ABSTRACT: Cold exposure imposes a metabolic challenge to mammals that is met by a coordinated response in different tissues to prevent hypothermia. This study reports a transcriptomic analysis in brown adipose tissue (BAT), white adipose (WAT) and liver of mice in response to 24 h cold exposure at 8 C. Expression of 1895 genes were significantly (P,0.05) up-or down-regulated more than two fold by cold exposure in all tissues but only 5 of these genes were shared by all three tissues, and only 19, 14 and 134 genes were common between WAT and BAT, WAT and liver, and BAT and liver, respectively. We confirmed using qRT-PCR, the increased expression of a number of characteristic BAT genes during cold exposure. In both BAT and the liver, the most common direction of change in gene expression was suppression (496 genes in BAT and 590 genes in liver). Gene ontology analysis revealed for the first time significant (P,0.05) down regulation in response to cold, of genes involved in oxidoreductase activity, lipid metabolic processes and protease inhibitor activity, in both BAT and liver, but not WAT. The results reveal an unexpected importance of down regulation of cytochrome P450 gene expression and apolipoprotein, in both BAT and liver, but not WAT, in response to cold exposure. Pathway analysis suggests a model in which down regulation of the nuclear transcription factors HNF4a and PPARa in both BAT and liver may orchestrate the down regulation of genes involved in lipoprotein and steroid metabolism as well as Phase I enzymes belonging to the cytochrome P450 group in response to cold stress in mice. We propose that the response to cold stress involves decreased gene expression in a range of cellular processes in order to maximise pathways involved in heat production.
    PLoS ONE 07/2013; 8(8):e68933. · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objective:A better understanding of the processes influencing energy expenditure could provide new therapeutic strategies for reducing obesity. As the metabolic activity of the brown adipose tissue (BAT) and skeletal muscle is an important determinant of overall energy expenditure and adiposity, we investigated the role of genes that could influence cellular bioenergetics in these two tissues.Design:We screened for genes that are induced in both the BAT and skeletal muscle during acute adaptive thermogenesis in the mouse by microarray. We used C57BL/6J mice as well as the primary and immortalized brown adipocytes and C2C12 myocytes to validate the microarray data. Further characterization included gene expression, mitochondrial density, cellular respiration and substrate utilization. We also used a Hybrid Mouse Diversity Panel to assess in vivo effects on obesity and body fat content.Results:We identified the transcription factor Zbtb16 (also known as Plzf and Zfp14) as being induced in both the BAT and skeletal muscle during acute adaptive thermogenesis. Zbtb16 overexpression in brown adipocytes led to the induction of components of the thermogenic program, including genes involved in fatty acid oxidation, glycolysis and mitochondrial function. Enhanced Zbtb16 expression also increased mitochondrial number, as well as the respiratory capacity and uncoupling. These effects were accompanied by decreased triglyceride content and increased carbohydrate utilization in brown adipocytes. Natural variation in Zbtb16 mRNA levels in multiple tissues across a panel of >100 mouse strains was inversely correlated with body weight and body fat content.Conclusion:Our results implicate Zbtb16 as a novel determinant of substrate utilization in brown adipocytes and of adiposity in vivo.
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    ABSTRACT: Cold exposure and β3-adrenergic receptor agonist (CL316,243) treatment induce the production of beige cells, which express brown adipocytes(BA)-specific UCP1 protein, in white adipose tissue (WAT). It remains unclear whether the beige cells, which have different gene expression patterns from BA, express BA-characteristic fatty acid oxidation (FAO) proteins. Here we found that 5-day cold exposure and CL316,243 treatment of WAT, but not CL316,243 treatment of primary adipocytes of C57BL/6J mice, increased mRNA levels of BA-characteristic FAO proteins. These results suggest that BA-characteristic FAO proteins are induced in beige cells in a different pathway from UCP1.
    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 10/2013; · 2.41 Impact Factor

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