Prophylactic components of buckwheat
ABSTRACT Buckwheat has been grown for centuries and now it is one of the most important alternative crops and a valuable raw material for functional food production. Many nutraceutical compounds exist in buckwheat seeds and other tissues. It is a rich source of starch and contains many valuable compounds, such as proteins, antioxidative substances, trace elements and dietary fibre. Buckwheat proteins have unique amino acids composition with special biological activities. Besides high-quality proteins, buckwheat seed contain several components with healing benefits: flavonoids and flavones, phytosterols, fagopyrins and thiamin-binding proteins. The allergenic proteins and their derivatives are also present in the buckwheat seeds. For the food industry, the most attractive trend is development of new functional foods, but production of health benefit products has also perspective. In this review we focus on knowledge of protein composition and the other prophylactic compounds of buckwheat products.
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ABSTRACT: The structure of the mature buckwheat achene and groat is discussed in relation to milling fractions and nutritional composition. Whole groats contain 55% starch, 12% protein, 4% lipid, 2% soluble carbohydrates, 7% total dietary fiber (TDF), 2% ash, and 18% other components (organic acids, phenolic compounds. tannins. phosphorylated sugars, nucleotides and nucleic acids, unknown corn pounds. The composition of the milling fractions reflects the relative abundance of seed tissues. Starch is concentrated in the central endosperm. Protein, oil, soluble carbohydrates and minerals are concentrated in the embryo. Commercial 'Fancy' flour, a light-coloured flour, is mostly central endosperm and contains 75% starch, 6% protein, 1% lipid, 1% soluble carbohydrates, 3% TDF, 1% ash. and 13% other components. Although the embryo traverses the central endosperm, during milling parts of the embryo separate with the aleurone and seed coat in the bran fraction. Bran, with little central endosperm, contains 18% starch, 36% protein, 11% lipid, 6% soluble carbohydrates, 15% TDF, job ash, and 7% other components. Buckwheat bran also is a rich source of TDF and soluble dietary fibre (SDF), particularly bran with hull fragments (40% TDF of which 25% is SDF), while bran without hull fragments has 16% TDF of which 75% is SDF. (C) 2001 Academic Press.01/2001;
- Journal of Food Science 08/2006; 51(6):1527 - 1530. · 1.78 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: This study was conducted to compare the physicochemical and functional properties of buckwheat protein product (BWP), soy protein isolate (SPI), and casein. BWP was prepared from buckwheat flour by the method including alkaline extraction and isoelectric precipitation. The amino acid composition of BWP was very similar to that of buckwheat flour. The protein solubility (PS) of BWP was much greater than that of SPI at all pH levels (pH 2-10) but lower than that of casein at pH 7-10. The isoelectric point of BWP was around pH 4. The higher aromatic hydrophobicities (ARH) of BWP, SPI, and casein were obtained at lower pH levels (pH 2-3). The emulsifying stability (ES) of BWP was lower than those of SPI and casein at high pH levels (pH 7-10). At all pH levels, BWP formed a thin emulsion. Regression analysis showed that the ARH of BWP was significantly associated with the ES. Although the water holding capacity of BWP was quite lower than that of SPI, its fat absorption capacity was slightly higher than those of SPI and casein. These results indicated that the physicochemical properties of BWP were different from those of SPI or casein. Thus, BWP is a potential source of functional protein for possible food application.Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 04/2002; 50(7):2125-9. · 2.91 Impact Factor