Ionospheric irregularity zonal velocities over Cachoeira Paulista
ABSTRACT We have studied the zonal drift velocity of nighttime ionospheric irregularities from Cachoeira Paulista (22.41°S,45°W, dip latitude −17.43°), a station under the Equatorial Anomaly, from December 1998 to February 1999 using L1 band GPS receivers and OI all-sky images. The average decimetric solar flux index for this period of increasing solar activity was about 145 and magnetically quiet days with ΣKp<24 were selected. The GPS technique used receivers spaced in the magnetic east–west direction and probed small scale plasma structures (scale size about ) at altitudes near . The zonal irregularity drift velocities measured by this technique were eastward with values of about at 20 LT, about around midnight, and decreased further in the post-midnight sector. The variability of these drifts decreased significantly after midnight. The zonal velocities of large scale plasma structure were obtained using OI all-sky images from a region located about 24.1°S and 45°W at a nominal height of which corresponds to the bubble projection along the magnetic field lines to over Cachoeira Paulista. These all-sky imager derived zonal drifts are also eastward, but have magnitudes smaller than the spaced GPS eastward drifts, particularly in the pre-midnight sector. We will discuss these two drift measurement techniques and the interpretation of our results.
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ABSTRACT: A critical evaluation of the novel method suggested by Sridharan et al. (2012) to forecast L-band scintillation is made using the results from a special campaign conducted from Trivandrum (8.5°N, 76.91°E, dip latitude 0.5°N), India, during April 2012. The significance of the campaign lies in the fact that, 1) efforts are made to minimize the uncertainties due to the movement of the satellite platform (TEC and S4 observations from GNSS satellites) by choosing a recently launched GSAT-8 geostationary satellite for ionospheric scintillation in L1 band, 2) unlike the previous study (Sridharan et al., 2012) wherein the GPS derived TEC fluctuations were treated as representative of ionospheric perturbations, in the present exercise, the fluctuating component of the foF2 data from the ground based digital Ionosonde have been taken as a measure of the perturbations and 3) though both the GSAT and Ionosonde are stationary, still the ionospheric regions they represent are physically separated and in order to correlate the scintillation over the GSAT location to the forecast perturbations over the ionosonde location, the required zonal velocity of the perturbations/irregularities is estimated using GSAT and GPS scintillation data during one of the close-by GPS passes and this is taken to represent the particular solar epoch and season. Following the earlier method of Sridharan et al. (2012) the relative amplitudes and phase integrity of the perturbations have been maintained and extended throughout night. By adopting the above changes, it has been noted that the forecasting capability of L band scintillation has remarkably improved vindicating the role of perturbations in the evolution of the scintillation, thus making it more useful for practical applications. The non occurrence of scintillation on occasions in the prescribed time windows has also been understood based on the changes in the background conditions. A threshold upward velocity for the evening F-region as early as 1730–1830 LT, has been worked out to be 5 ms−1 for the ESF to get triggered and for its sustenance, a plasma scale length of<20 km along with a critical base height (h′F) of 225 km have been evaluated as necessary background conditions.Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics 04/2014; 110. DOI:10.1016/j.jastp.2014.01.012 · 1.75 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: This work about the zonal drift velocity and signature of equatorial plasma bubbles (EPBs) by measurements of global positioning system (GPS) receiver and all sky imager (ASI) operating in India, at the low latitude region. The optical and radio observations have been made from Kolhapur (16.8° N, 74.2° E) and Hyderabad (17.37°N, 78.48°E), respectively. The zonal drift velocity of EPBs has estimated using images of nightglow OI 630.0 nm emission recorded by ASI at Kolhapur. The measurements of total electron content (TEC) using the GPS have carried from the nearby station, Hyderabad. When depletions occurred about 00:37 hrs (IST) in TEC, the EPBs were found to occur about 5:30 hrs in optical data of OI 630.0 nm emission. This work focuses on simultaneous measurements of TEC and intensity of OI 630.0 nm emissions for EPBs during nighttime. The occurrence period of EPBs in TEC and OI 630.0 nm has found to be different. To study this difference, the zonal drift velocity of EPBs has established. The averaged eastward velocity of EPBs was found to be 138 m/s. The calculated values of zonal drift velocities are well correlated with that of the empirical model values. This work may be helpful in finding the growth of EPBs over low latitude.Advances in Space Research 03/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.asr.2015.03.030 · 1.24 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: After a fairly successful attempt to forecast the temporal evolution of L-band scintillation over a given location, Trivandrum (8.5oN, 76.91oE, dip latitude 0.5oN) (30 and 7), an attempt has been made here to generate the spatial - temporal maps of the occurrence pattern of L-band scintillation over the Indian region. To start with, the day time fluctuations in [foF2]2 are used to forecast the temporal evolution of perturbations during the course of the night over Trivandrum. Similar to the earlier studies, here too it is taken that the electron density perturbations retain their characteristics throughout night and traverse with a uniform velocity. This implies that when the integrity of wave train of electron density perturbations is retained, any particular feature that passes over Trivandrum would have crossed over another location west of Trivandrum at an earlier time only dictated by the zonal velocity. With this assumption it becomes feasible to generate the probable spatial and temporal pattern of L-band scintillation. The consequences/limitations of the above assumptions are discussed in detail. The observed relation between the total duration of spread-F and the base height of the F-region (h’F) at 1930 LT has been explained in terms of the favourable background neutral atmospheric conditions. Following Bagiya et al. 2013, the relation between h’F at 1930 LT and the probable maximum latitudinal extent of the spread-F enables specification of the upper limit for the latitudes likely to be affected by the scintillation. It is believed that the presented results hold enough potential to generate the reliable L-band scintillation forecast maps and provide the necessary alerts to the satellite based air navigation users.Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics 11/2014; DOI:10.1016/j.jastp.2014.06.015 · 1.75 Impact Factor