Changes in dopamine-sensitive adenylate cyclase activity in salivary glands of female lone star ticks, Amblyomma americanum (L.), during feeding
ABSTRACT The activity of dopamine-sensitive adenylate cyclase in feeding female ixodid tick salivary glands was dependent on the state of tick feeding. Activity was significantly greater than the “basal” activity in salivary glands from ticks at all stages of tick feeding. Enzyme activity was not detected in the glands of unfed females. Enzyme activity reached a peak in glands of ticks weighing approx. 200 mg then declined as ticks increased in weight beyond 200 mg to repletion. Replete ticks (detached from the host for 12–24 hr) had similar levels of basal and dopamine-stimulated adenylate cyclase activity as that measured in salivary glands of high weight (>200 mg) ticks. Enzyme activity was 19–62% less in glands from ticks feeding on hosts that had been parasitized 2–4 months earlier by lone star ticks.
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ABSTRACT: A cDNA coding a glycine-rich protein was identified from the Rhipicephalus haemaphysaloides tick. The cDNA named here as RH50 was 1,823 bp, including a single open reading frame (ORF) of 1,518 nucleotides. The ORF encodes a polypeptide of 506 amino acid residues with a size of 50 kDa, as calculated by a computer. The predicted amino acid sequence of RH50 showed a low homology to sequences of some known extracellular matrix-like proteins. The native protein was identified in both the fed tick salivary gland lysates and extracts of cement material using the serum against the recombinant protein. Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction results showed that RH50 mRNA was only transcribed in partially fed tick salivary glands, not in unfed tick salivary glands or partially fed tick midgut, fat body, or ovary. The differential expression of RH50 protein in fed tick salivary glands was confirmed by immunofluorescence. The low attachment rate both in the adult and nymphal tick, and the high mortality of immature ticks (nymph) feeding on recombinant RH50-immunized rabbits were found. These results show that the RH50 protein could be a useful candidate for anti-tick vaccine development.Parasitology Research 01/2007; 100(1):77-84. · 2.85 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Genes expressed differentially in the salivary glands of unfed and fed male ticks, Amblyomma americanum (L.), were identified, cloned and sequenced, and some were compared with those expressed in the salivary glands of Dermacentor andersoni. Total protein and RNA increased sixfold in the salivary glands of fed male A. americanum, while in fed male D. andersoni salivary glands, RNA increased approximately 3.5 times. Feeding D. andersoni in the presence of females increased total RNA by 25% over those fed in the absence of females. Complementary DNAs were synthesized from RNA obtained from unfed and fed ticks and amplified using RNA arbitrarily primed polymerase chain reaction (RAP-PCR) with three different primers in separate reactions. Differential display showed clear banding differences between the fed and the unfed ticks in A. americanum and D. andersoni. Sixty-one cDNA fragments that appeared to be from differentially expressed genes in A. americanum were isolated, cloned and sequenced. Hybridization reactions with labeled cDNA probes confirmed the differential expression of many of the genes in unfed and fed ticks' salivary glands; however, many of the bands contained more than one fragment and some of the fragments isolated from apparently differential bands were not specific. Sequences for 28 of the cDNA fragments (150-600 nucleotides in length) demonstrated similarity to genes in the databases, but nine of these were similar to sequences of unknown function. Some of the gene fragments identified may be important to tick feeding or tick salivary gland physiology, including a histamine-binding protein, an organic ion transporter, an apoptosis inhibitor, a cathepsin-B-like cysteine protease, proteins involved in gene regulation and several proteins involved in protein synthesis. Cross-hybridization of identified cDNAs from A. americanum with cDNA probes synthesized from D. andersoni total RNA did not show significant similarity between the two species.Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 07/2002; 32(6):645-55. · 3.23 Impact Factor
Article: Neurobiology of arthropod parasites.Parasitology 02/1991; 102 Suppl:S59-69. · 2.36 Impact Factor