Vibration analysis of rectangular plates coupled with fluid

Mechanical Engineering Department, École de Technologie Supérieure, Canada 1100, Notre Dame Ouest, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H3C 1K3
Applied Mathematical Modelling (Impact Factor: 2.16). 12/2008; 32(12):2570-2586. DOI: 10.1016/j.apm.2007.09.004

ABSTRACT The approach developed in this paper applies to vibration analysis of rectangular plates coupled with fluid. This case is representative of certain key components of complex structures used in industries such as aerospace, nuclear and naval. The plates can be totally submerged in fluid or floating on its free surface. The mathematical model for the structure is developed using a combination of the finite element method and Sanders’ shell theory. The in-plane and out-of-plane displacement components are modelled using bilinear polynomials and exponential functions, respectively. The mass and stiffness matrices are then determined by exact analytical integration. The velocity potential and Bernoulli’s equation are adopted to express the fluid pressure acting on the structure. The product of the pressure expression and the developed structural shape function is integrated over the structure-fluid interface to assess the virtual added mass due to the fluid. Variation of fluid level is considered in the calculation of the natural frequencies. The results are in close agreement with both experimental results and theoretical results using other analytical approaches.

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