A new myeloblastic leukemia cell line with double minute chromosomes. Induction of methotrexate resistance and dihydrofolate reductase gene amplification
ABSTRACT To test the relationship between DMs and drug resistance in newly established AML cell lines, KY821, and its clone KY821A3, the latter had lost DMs during cloning, were cultured in increasing concentrations of MTX, KY821 became resistant against 2 × 10−4 M MTX, whereas KY821A3 did against 2 × 10−5 M MTX in a same period. Enhanced enzyme activities of DHFR were correspondent to the increased DMs numbers and DHFR gene amplification in both resistant clones. The amplified DHFR gene was located on DMs by in situ hybridization. These data indicated that the presence of DMs in KY821 would facilitate the acquisition of drug resistance.
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ABSTRACT: The promoter region of the liver/bone/ kidney-type alkaline phosphatase gene was examined to define the cis-acting regulatory sequences and transcription factors responsible for its expression in hematopoietic cells. Transient transfection experiments revealed that regions deleted up to -154 base pairs upstream from the transcription initiation site had significant activities to induce bacterial chloramphenicol acetyltransferase gene. The shortest DNA fragment was found to contain three GC boxes in addition to a TATA box. Electrophoretic mobility shift assay and Southwestern analysis showed that Sp3 could bind to the fragment. Western blot analysis also detected Sp3 protein in eluate from the DNA probe mixed with the nuclear extracts. Through the use of Drosophila Schneider cells that lack the Sp1 family of transcription factors, Sp3 was shown to activate the basal promoter in a dose-dependent manner. When the amount of Sp3 was limited, the most proximal GC box was found to be critical for the basal promoter activity.Journal of Leukocyte Biology 12/2000; 68(5):772-7. · 4.57 Impact Factor