Omalizumab in patients with severe persistent allergic asthma in a real-life setting in Germany
ABSTRACT Omalizumab is a humanized monoclonal anti-immunoglobulin E (IgE) antibody indicated in Europe for the treatment of uncontrolled severe persistent allergic (IgE-mediated) asthma despite optimal therapy with inhaled corticosteroids and long-acting β2 agonists.Between 2005 and 2007 280 patients (58% female, mean age 44 ± 16 yrs., 46% on oral corticosteroids, median serum IgE level 235 IU/ml) who met the EU criteria for add-on therapy with anti-IgE were treated prospectively with omalizumab by 134 physicians as part of a post-marketing surveillance trial and were followed-up for 6 months.The median follow-up time was 195 days, the patients were treated with a median dose of 450 mg omalizumab every 4 weeks. After 6 months there was a marked effect of omalizumab treatment on daily (−76%) and nocturnal symptoms (−84%), exacerbations (−82%), unscheduled health care contacts (−81%), hospitalizations (−78%) and quality of life (Mini-AQLQ: score increase from 2.9 to 4.5). Overall, efficacy of omalizumab was rated as excellent or good by the majority of physicians (82%) and patients (86%). In 19 patients (7%) omalizumab-related adverse events were recorded.This post-marketing surveillance trial confirms the marked and clinically relevant effect of omalizumab on asthma symptoms and level of asthma control in the majority of patients with severe persistent allergic (IgE-mediated) asthma in a real-life situation.
[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Omalizumab, a humanized monoclonal antibody that binds circulating IgE antibody, is a treatment option for patients with moderate to severe allergic asthma whose asthma is poorly controlled with inhaled corticosteroids and inhaled long-acting β(2) agonist bronchodilators. This review considers the mechanism of action, pharmacokinetics, efficacy, safety and place in management of omalizumab in asthma and focuses particularly on key articles published over the last three years. Omalizumab reduces IgE mediated airway inflammation and its effect on airway remodeling is under investigation. Recent long-term clinical trials confirm the benefits of omalizumab in reducing exacerbations and symptoms in adults and in children with moderate to severe allergic asthma. No clinical or immunological factor consistently predicts a good therapeutic response to omalizumab in allergic asthma. In responders, the duration of treatment is unclear. The main adverse effect of omalizumab is anaphylaxis, although this occurs infrequently. Preliminary data from a five-year safety study has raised concerns about increased cardiovascular events and a final report is awaited. Clinical trials are in progress to determine whether omalizumab has efficacy in the treatment of non-allergic asthma.Clinical Medicine Insights: Circulatory, Respiratory and Pulmonary Medicine 01/2012; 6:27-40.
[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Omalizumab is a humanized monoclonal anti-IgE antibody recently approved for the treatment of severe allergic asthma. This drug inhibits allergic responses by binding to serum IgE, thus preventing interaction with cellular IgE receptors. Omalizumab is also capable of downregulating the expression of high affinity IgE receptors on inflammatory cells, as well as the numbers of eosinophils in both blood and induced sputum. The clinical effects of omalizumab include improvements in respiratory symptoms and quality of life, paralleled by a reduction of asthma exacerbations, emergency room visits, and use of systemic corticosteroids and rescue bronchodilators. Omalizumab is relatively well-tolerated, and only rarely induces anaphylactic reactions. Therefore, this drug represents a valid option as add-on therapy for patients with severe persistent allergic asthma inadequately controlled by high doses of standard inhaled treatments.Journal of Asthma and Allergy 01/2011; 4:49-59.