Moving vehicles detection based on adaptive motion histogram
ABSTRACT As one of the important topics in computer vision, moving vehicle segmentation has attracted considerable attention of researchers. However, robust detection is hampered by the interferential moving objects in dynamic scenes. In this paper, we address the problem of the moving vehicles segmentation in the dynamic scenes. Based on the distinct motion property of the dynamic background and that of the moving vehicles, we present an adaptive motion histogram for moving vehicles segmentation. The presented algorithm consists of two procedures: adaptive background update and motion histogram-based vehicles segmentation. In the adaptive background update procedure, we make use of the lighting change of the scene and present a novel method for background evolving. In the motion histogram-based vehicles segmentation procedure, an adaptive motion histogram is maintained and updated according to the motion information in the scenes, and the moving vehicles are then detected according to the motion histogram maintained. Experimental results of typical scenes demonstrate robustness of the proposed method. Quantitative evaluation and comparison with the existing methods show that the proposed method provides much improved results.
- J. Electronic Imaging. 01/2007; 16:023013.
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ABSTRACT: This paper addresses the problem of background modeling for foreground object detection in complex environments. A Bayesian framework that incorporates spectral, spatial, and temporal features to characterize the background appearance is proposed. Under this framework, the background is represented by the most significant and frequent features, i.e., the principal features, at each pixel. A Bayes decision rule is derived for background and foreground classification based on the statistics of principal features. Principal feature representation for both the static and dynamic background pixels is investigated. A novel learning method is proposed to adapt to both gradual and sudden "once-off" background changes. The convergence of the learning process is analyzed and a formula to select a proper learning rate is derived. Under the proposed framework, a novel algorithm for detecting foreground objects from complex environments is then established. It consists of change detection, change classification, foreground segmentation, and background maintenance. Experiments were conducted on image sequences containing targets of interest in a variety of environments, e.g., offices, public buildings, subway stations, campuses, parking lots, airports, and sidewalks. Good results of foreground detection were obtained. Quantitative evaluation and comparison with the existing method show that the proposed method provides much improved results.IEEE Transactions on Image Processing 11/2004; 13(11):1459-72. · 3.20 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: An efficient algorithm for rigid or nonrigid moving object segmentation in the static camera environment is proposed. For robust motion detection, the algorithm performs statistical modelling of the moving objects and background and detects moving pixels by the Bayes decision method with a Gaussian blurred background probability density functionElectronics Letters 10/1999; · 1.04 Impact Factor