Thermoresponsive hydrogels based on poly(N-isopropylacrylamide)/chondroitin sulfate
ABSTRACT A fast, thermoresponsive hydrogel composed of poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAm) and chondroitin sulfate (ChS) was synthesized using precipitation polymerization. ChS was introduced to increase the water absorption of the PNIPAm hydrogel, and the precipitation polymerization method was used to induce a porous network morphology to enhance the thermal response of the hydrogel. PNIPAm/ChS hydrogels (15:7.5 wt.%) underwent a very fast deswelling, within a period of approximately 2 min, due to the presence of a large free water content (∼90–94%), which was associated with the interconnected filamentous morphology within the hydrogel. The swelling ratio was greatly enhanced by the addition of ChS. The hydrogels exhibited stable thermoactuation behavior, following a volume change of 75% while cycling the temperature between 20 and 45 °C.
Article: Self‐Walking GelAdvanced Materials 10/2007; 19(21):3480 - 3484. · 14.83 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: In recent years, intelligent hydrogels which can change their swelling behavior and other properties in response to environmental stimuli such as temperature, pH, solvent composition and electric fields, have attracted great interest. The hydrogels based on polysaccharides incorporated with thermo-responsive polymers have shown unique properties such as biocompatibility, biodegradability, and biological functions in addition to the stimuli-responsive characters. These "smart" hydrogels exhibit single or multiple stimuli-responsive characters which could be used in biomedical applications, including controlled drug delivery, bioengineering or tissue engineering. This review focuses on the recent developments and future trends dealing with stimuli-responsive hydrogels based on grafting/blending of polysaccharides such as chitosan, alginate, cellulose, dextran and their derivatives with thermo-sensitive polymers. This review also screens the current applications of these hydrogels in the fields of drug delivery, tissue engineering and wound healing.Macromolecular Bioscience 01/2007; 6(12):991-1008. · 3.74 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Thermo- and pH-responsive semi-IPN polyampholyte hydrogels were prepared by using carboxymethylchitosan and poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) with N,N'-methylenebisacrylamide (BIS) as the crosslinking agent. The swelling characteristics of these hydrogels at distinct compositions as a function of pH and temperature were investigated. It was found that the semi-IPN hydrogels demonstrated the pH- and temperature-responsive nature of the materials, and it also showed good reversibility. The study on the release of coenzyme A (CoA) showed that within 24h the cumulative release ratio of CoA was 22.6% in pH 2.1 solution and 89.1% in pH 7.4 solution at 37 degrees C, respectively. The release rate of CoA was higher at 37 degrees C than 25 degrees C in a pH 7.4 buffer solution. An increased release rate of CoA was observed with the content of carboxymethylchitosan increasing in the hydrogel at 25 degrees C in pH 7.4 solution. These results show that semi-IPN hydrogel seems to be of great promise in pH-temperature oral drug delivery systems.Carbohydrate Research 12/2007; 342(16):2416-22. · 2.04 Impact Factor