Spectroscopic properties of water free Nd2O3-doped low silica calcium aluminosilicate glasses
ABSTRACT In this work, low silica calcium aluminosilicate glasses (LSCA) doped with different concentrations of Nd2O3 were prepared under vacuum conditions and investigated through spectroscopic measurements. UV, visible and near IR optical absorption spectra, IR luminescence spectra, and fluorescent time decay were measured. Judd–Ofelt model was used in conjunction with these data to calculate intensity parameters and ), emission cross-section, radiative lifetime, branching ratio and fluorescence quantum efficiency. The up-conversion properties of Nd3+ were investigated following excitation, and both visible and UV up-conversion have been observed. These results combined with its high fluorescence quantum efficiency and excellent mechanical properties, suggest that this glass may be a candidate to be used as laser host material for near IR with a further possibility of application in the UV and visible spectral regions.
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ABSTRACT: By means of ADE-FDTD method, this paper investigates the electromagnetic modelling of a rib-loaded waveguide composed of a Nd3+ doped Silicon Rich Silicon Oxide active layer sandwiched between a SiO2 bottom cladding and a SiO2 rib. The Auxilliary Differential Equations are the rate equations which govern the levels populations. The Finite Difference Time Domain (FDTD) scheme is used to solve the space and time dependent Maxwell equations which describe the electromagnetic field in a copropagating scheme of both pumping (λpump = 488 nm) and signal (λsignal = 1064 nm) waves. Such systems are characterized by extremely different specific times such as the period of electromagnetic field ~ 10-15 s and the lifetimes of the electronic levels between ~ 10-10s and ~ 10-4 s. The time scaling method is used in addition to specific initial conditions in order to decrease the computational time. We show maps of the Poynting vector along the propagation direction as a function of the silicon nanograin (Si-ng) concentrations. A threshold value of 1024 Si-ng m-3 is extracted below which the pump wave can propagate so that a signal amplication is possible.Nanoscale Research Letters 01/2011; 6(1):278. · 2.52 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Spectroscopic and physical properties of Nd3+-doped alkali lead borate glasses of type 20R 2O · 30PbO · 49.5B2O3 · 0.5Nd2O3 (R = Li and K) and alkaline-earth lead borate glasses 20RO · 30PbO · 49.5B2O3 · 0.5Nd2O3 (R = Ca, Ba, and Pb) have been investigated. Optical absorption spectra have been used to determine the Slater-Condon (F2, F4, and F6), spin orbit ξ4f, and Racah parameters (E1, E2, and E3). The oscillator strengths and the intensity parameters Ω2, Ω4, and Ω6 have been determined by the Judd-Ofelt theory, which, in turn, provide the radiative transition probability (A), total transition probability (A T ), radiative lifetime (τ R ), and branching ratio (β R , %) for the fluorescent levels. The lasing efficiency of the prepared glasses has been characterized by the spectroscopic quality factor (Ω4/Ω6), the value of which is in the range 0.2–1.5, typical of Nd3+ in different laser hosts. A red shift of the peak wavelength is observed upon addition of alkali or alkaline-earth oxides to the lead borate glass. A higher value of the W2 parameter for potassium-doped glass indicates a higher covalency for this glass matrix. The relative intensity of the peaks 4I9/2 → 4F7/2, 4S3/2 has also been studied.Glass Physics and Chemistry 01/2008; 34(3):265-273. · 0.34 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: In this work the time resolved thermal lens method is combined with interferometric technique, the thermal relaxation calorimetry, photoluminescence and lifetime measurements to determine the thermo physical properties of Nd(2)O(3) doped sodium zincborate glass as a function of temperature up to the glass transition region. Thermal diffusivity, thermal conductivity, fluorescence quantum efficiency, linear thermal expansion coefficient and thermal coefficient of electronic polarizability were determined. In conclusion, the results showed the ability of thermal lens and interferometric methods to perform measurements very close to the phase transition region. These techniques provide absolute values for the measured physical quantities and are advantageous when low scan rates are required.Optics Express 01/2009; 16(26):21248-55. · 3.55 Impact Factor