Dextrin as a non-toxic depressant for pyrite in flotation with xanthates as collector
ABSTRACT Depression of pyrite flotation by dextrin has been investigated through adsorption, electrokinetic and microflotation studies in systems open to the atmosphere. Adsorption of dextrin takes place through specific interaction with ferric oxyhydroxide species that result from the oxidation of pyrite surface. Dextrin shows an isoelectric point at pH 4 and pyrite does at pH 6.4. Within this pH range adsorption is suggested to be promoted by electrostatic interactions. Coadsorption of dextrin and isopropyl xanthate occurs on the surface of pyrite and is explained to happen through distinct mechanisms taking into account the heterogeneous nature of the surface. It is likely that dextrin depresses pyrite by enveloping the dixanthogen resulting from adsorption of xanthate ions. It is shown that dextrin is as effective depressant of pyrite as cyanide.
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ABSTRACT: Zeta potentials of pyrite and Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans cultured by sulfur in different levels of ionic strength and pH values were measured by Coulter Delsa 440SX zeta potential determinator. Meanwhile, the effects of bacterial adhesion and bacterial concentration on zeta potential of pyrite after adsorption were investigated. The results show that with the increase of ionic strength, zeta potentials of pyrite decrease in the range of pH 2.5–10.5 and the isoelectric point(IEP) of mineral shifts to the left. It is also found that the specific adsorption on pyrite of chloride ion can affect zeta potentials of pyrite sharply. As bacterial adsorption occurs, IEP of pyrite shifts towards that of Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans; as bacterial concentration is increscent, this tendency is even larger and more obvious. Finally, a reasonable explanation for above-mentioned experimental phenomena was given by electrical double layer model and surface ionization model.Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China 01/2006; 16(3):676-680. · 0.92 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The interaction mechanism of collector DLZ in the flotation process of chalcopyrite and pyrite was investigated through flotation experiments, zeta potential measurements and infrared spectrum analysis. Flotation test results indicate that DLZ is the selective collector of chalcopyrite. Especially, the recovery of chalcopyrite is higher than 90% in neutral and weak alkaline systems, while the recovery of pyrite is less than 10%. When using CaO as pH regulator, at pH=7–11, the floatability of pyrite is depressed and the recovery is less than 5%. Zeta potential analysis shows that the zeta potential of chalcopyrite decreases more obviously than that of pyrite after interaction with DLZ, confirming that collector DLZ shows selectivity to chalcopyrite and pyrite. And FTIR results reveal that the flotation selectivity of collector DLZ is due to chemical absorption onto chalcopyrite surface and only physical absorption onto pyrite surface. Key wordschalcopyrite-pyrite-collector-flotation-zeta potentialJournal of Central South University of Technology 01/2010; 17(2):285-288. · 0.36 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The adsorption of ethyl, propyl and butyl xanthates on pyrite has been studied through electrokinetics, batch adsorption tests, and quantification of Fe2+ ions in solution. Adsorption isotherms for the three alkyl xanthates indicate that their adsorption to dixanthogen produces Fe2+ ions in solution and decreases the pyrite zeta potential negatively. It seems that the oxidation reaction of xanthates to dixanthogen on pyrite is coupled with the reduction reaction of surface-ferric hydroxide to ferrous ions, leading to the dissolution of hydrophilic ferric hydroxide and growth of hydrophobic dixanthogen on the surface of pyrite. Flotation of pyrite is presented as a function of pH using various ethyl xanthate concentrations. The floatability results are explained in terms of the surface coverage relationship between ferric hydroxide and dixanthogen, which is pH dependent.International Journal of Mineral Processing - INT J MINER PROCESS. 01/2005; 77(3):154-164.