A combined chemical-petrological study of separated chondrules from the Richardton meteorite
ABSTRACT Individual chondrules have been separated from the H5 chondrite Richardton and subjected to a detailed chemical-petrological study. A portion of each chondrule has been examined petrographically and phase chemistry determined by electron microprobe analysis. Of the remaining portion an aliquot was taken for measurement of major element abundances by microprobe using a microfusion technique. Rb, Sr,87Sr/86Sr and REE were determined by mass spectrometric isotope dilution.The chondrules define a Rb-Sr isochron age of 4.39 ± 0.03Ga(λ = 1.42 × 10−11 a−1) and an initial ratio of 0.7003 ± 7. The age is interpreted as a metamorphic age and indicates that Sr isotope equilibration occurred in the Richardton parent body for some 100 Ma or more after condensation of the solar system. Metamorphism had little effect on chondrule textures but effected Fe/Mg exchange to produce highly uniform olivine and pyroxene compositions, and may have caused some redistribution of REE.The major element compositions of Richardton chondrules are mostly constant and close to reported averages for Tieschitz, Bishunpur and Chainpur. They contain high-temperature condensate elements in close to cosmic proportions, but are deficient in Fe. Theories of chondrule origin are briefly reviewed, and while it is difficult to distinguish between direct condensation and dust fusion by impacting, it is postulated that iron was fractionated from silicate prior to or during chondrule formation.
Article: Volatiles in Chainpur chondrules[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: A study of volatile element concentrations in individual chondrules in the Chainpur LL3 chondrite is presented. Volatile elements differing in geochemical behavior tended to vary randomly and correlated variations were observed only for those elements inferred to occupy similar mineral sites. Variations in Co and Ni in kamacite show that metal in chondrule interiors has not approached equilibrium, and that postformational element distribution has mainly altered siderophile concentrations in surface metal grains, and has probably left ionic species unaltered. Etching to remove 3 to 5% of the chondrule dissolved siderophiles, enhanced Zn and Na volatiles relative to nonvolatile Cr in the etch, and produced a large Cd enhancement. If metamorphic redistribution of nonsiderophile volatiles was neglible, their high concentrations are inconsistent with chondrule formation by direct condensation, and models involving sudden melting of preexisting solids can explain the observations but require rapid cooling to prevent volatile loss.Geophysical Research Letters 08/1979; 6(7). DOI:10.1029/GL006i007p00597 · 4.46 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: 207Pb/204Pb-206Pb/204Pb whole meteorite isochrons for Richardton (H5) and Farmington (L5) are presented and give Pb-Pb ages of 4.545 ± 0.010 and 4.620 ± 0.010 Ga respectively (errors ± 2σ). The Pb-Pb isochron for Farmington passes below the Can˜on Diablo troilite composition, which may therefore not be the initial Pb composition for this meteorite.All samples show an apparent excess radiogenic lead for single-stage (closed-system) evolution when Can˜on Diablo troilite is used for the initial lead composition. Evidence is presented to show that the apparent excess Pb cannot be explained by terrestrial contamination. There is no unique isotopic composition for initial lead that yields concordant ages at 4.55 Ga for all samples for either meteorite. The data likewise cannot be reconciled to Can˜on Diablo initial lead through any of the conventional two- and three-stage evolution models.The apparent excess Pb, with respect to a Can˜on Diablo troilite composition and a single-stage closed-system history, and the apparent inhomogeneous initial Pb isotopic compositions, appear to be real. This may be an indication that the U-Pb systems in these meteorites are disturbed, but this disturbance cannot be described consistently by any of the conventional episodic evolution models.Earth and Planetary Science Letters 02/1980; 46(3-46):311-322. DOI:10.1016/0012-821X(80)90047-3 · 4.72 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The matrices of sixteen unequilibrated ordinary chondrites (all witnessed falls) were studied microscopically in transmitted and reflected light and analyzed by electron microprobe. Selected specimens were also studied by scanning electron microscopy. These studies indicate that the fine-grained, opaque, silicate matrix of type 3 unequilibrated chondrites is compositionally, mineralogically and texturally distinct from the chondrules and chondrule fragments and may be the low temperature condensate proposed by Larimer and Anders (1967, 1970). Examination of the matrices of unequilibrated chondrites also shows that each meteorite has been metamorphosed, with the alteration ranging in intensity from quite mild, where the matrix has been only slightly altered, to a more severe metamorphism that has completely recrystallized the opaque matrix. Most of the metamorphic changes in the matrix occurred without significant effects on the compositions or textures of the chondrules. The metamorphic alteration probably resulted from a combination of processes including thermal metamorphism and the passage of shock waves. The present appearance of each unequilibrated chondrite is a result of the particular temperature and pressure conditions under which it and its components formed, plus the subsequent metamorphic alteration it experienced.Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 02/1981; 45(1-45):33-51. DOI:10.1016/0016-7037(81)90262-3 · 4.25 Impact Factor