Kinetic enzymatic method for automated determination of glucose in blood and serum.

ABSTRACT Studies are reported on the reaction kinetics of the glucose assay according to Trinder which involves the specific oxidation of glucose by glucose oxidase and the determination of the hydrogen peroxide released by means of phenol and 4-aminophenazone in the presence of peroxidase. The results have been used to develop a general kinetic fixed-time method for the analysis of glucose in whole blood and serum. The single reagent method has been adapted to the ENI GEMSAEC centrifugal analyzer and to the Abbott ABA-100 analyzer. The procedures exhibited excellent precision and the results correlated well with those obtained by the hexokinase method, Linearity was achieved from 3 to 64 mmol/1 glucose for the GEMSAEC method, and from 3 to 33 mmol/1 glucose for the ABA-100 method. Reagent or sample blank corrections were not necessary. There were no interferences from various drugs, hemoglobin, bilirubin, or lipemia.

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