Induced innovation and agricultural development

Vernon R. Ruttan is President of the Agricultural Development Council, 1290 Avenue of the Americas, New York, NY 10019 and Room 705, RELC Int. House, 30 Orange Grove Road, Singapore 10.
Food Policy 08/1977; DOI: 10.1016/0306-9192(77)90080-X

ABSTRACT Dr Ruttan reviews the five general models in the literature on agricultural development: the frontier, conservation, urban- industrial impact, diffusion and high pay-off input models, and finds them lacking. He outlines a model of agricultural development which treats technical change as endogenous to the development process, rather than as an exogenous factor operating independently of it. This leads to an emphasis on the strong relationship between technological and institutional change and a call for institutional innovation that will result in a more effective realisation of the new technical potential.

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    ABSTRACT: Replaced with revised version of paper 09/01/04.
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    ABSTRACT: . Much of past thinking about economic development started with a traditional lowincome rural agricultural economy losing its workforce to higher-paying jobs in the new, modern industrial sector. Hirschman and others proposed an alternative strategy for economic development in his unbalanced growth theory that focused on an industry rather than an entire sector or two of a developing nation's economy. Hirschman not only highlighted, but emphasized in significant ways, the role and importance of the private sector in economic development. Putnam and others take the social capital approach to economic development. We offer still another way of thinking about economic development strategy that builds on the activities within a local labor market area and its institutions for constructively engaging an active, public-spirited local citizenry. The local labor market approach contrasts with the earlier ways of thinking about economic development by its attention to local institutions in buil...
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    ABSTRACT: The enormity of the African refugee problem underscores the importance of resettlement issues in land use planning. Efforts to resettle subsistenceoriented agricultural populations have often come into conflict with host or in-place land uses as competition for scarce resources leads to land degradation, violence and the failure of resettlement schemes. The success of refugee resettlement will depend to a large extent on the degree to which host and refugee land use patterns become integrated or reconciled. The majority of African refugee populations reside on the Horn and in the Sahel, where arid and semi-arid ecologies predominate and pastoralism is a major form of land use. This study considers a resettlement design that integrates refugee agricultural land use patterns with those of the host pastoralist land use in the context of the frequent droughts that visit the area. Given the magnitude of dislocation problems on the continent, successful resettlement will play an important role in African agriculture and development.
    Land Use Policy. 01/1993;


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