Trends and characteristics of injuries in the State of Qatar: Hospital-based study
a Department of Medical Statistics & Epidemiology , Hamad General Hospital, Hamad Medical Corporation , Doha , Qatar.International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion (Impact Factor: 0.67). 03/2012; 19(4). DOI: 10.1080/17457300.2012.656314
Injuries account for a large burden of mortality and morbidity in the State of Qatar. No comprehensive study has been conducted on all types of injuries in the State of Qatar. The objective of this study was to determine the trend in the number, incidence and pattern of injuries in the State of Qatar. This hospital-based study is a retrospective analysis of 53,366 patients treated at the accident and emergency and trauma centres for injuries during the period from 2006 to 2010. Injuries were determined according to the ICD 10 criteria. The details of the entire trauma patients who were involved in occupational/domestic injuries were extracted from the database of the Emergency Medical Services (EMS), Hamad Medical Corporation. Our results demonstrated that the rates of injury remained relatively stable in the State of Qatar over the five-year period. Those most at risk of injury were non-Qatari males who were below 30 years. Road traffic accidents (RTA) (36.7%) followed by falls causing back injuries (11.0%) were the most common types of injuries during the period. Most of the injuries occurred at the head for both males (17.7%) and females (13.5%); this was consistently the case across all of the age groups. The greatest proportion of RTA (21.2%), industrial machinery injuries (16.4%), construction injuries (15.5%), recreational sporting injuries (20.5%) and beach/sea/ocean injuries (15.0%) resulted in head injuries. Intervention efforts need to be aimed at reducing occupational injuries, RTA injuries and work-related hazards in the State of Qatar.
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- "In rapidly developing Middle-Eastern countries such as UAE, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Bahrain, Kuwait, blunt trauma constituted a significant cause of fatalities among young population. Blunt injuries such as RTAs, falls from height and falls of heavy objects are widely reported causes of morbidity and mortality in this region. On the other hand, the rapid economic growth has attracted large numbers of expatriate workers from different nationalities which have become the victims of traffic related pedestrian injuries in the Arab Middle East particularly in the rapid developing countries namely Qatar, Kuwait, UAE, Bahrain and Saudi Arabia. "
ABSTRACT: Trauma represents a global public health concern with an estimated 5 million deaths annually. Moreover, the incidence of blunt traumatic injuries (BTI) particularly road traffic accidents (RTAs) and workplace-related injuries are rising throughout the world-wide. We aimed to review the epidemiology and prevention of BTI, in the Arab Middle East. A traditional narrative literature review was carried out using PubMed, MEDLINE and EMBASE search engines. We used the keywords "traumatic injuries", "blunt" "epidemiology", "Arab Middle East" between December 1972 and March 2013. The most common mechanisms of BTI in our region are RTAs, falls from height, struck by heavy objects and pedestrian motor vehicle trauma crashes. The rate of RTA and occupational injuries are markedly increased in the region due to rapid industrial development, extreme climatic conditions and unfamiliar working environment. However, lack of reliable information on these unintentional injuries is mainly responsible for the underestimation of this trauma burden. This knowledge deficit shields the extent of the problem from policy makers, leading to continued fatalities. These preventable injuries in turn add to the overall financial burden on the society through loss of productivity and greater need of medical and welfare services. In the Arab Middle East, population-based studies on the incidence, mechanism of injury, prevention and outcome of BTI are not well-documented. Therefore, region-specific BTI studies would strengthen surveillance to better understand the burden of these injuries in the region.Journal of Emergencies Trauma and Shock 04/2014; 7(2):88-96. DOI:10.4103/0974-2700.130878
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ABSTRACT: Injury significantly affecting the health and well-being of the society. The prevalence tends to be higher in low income countries. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of injury and associated factors among patients visiting emergency departments of Amhara Regional State referral hospitals. Institution based cross sectional study was conducted from March to April 2014. The systematic random sampling technique was employed to select the study participants. The data were collected using an interviewer administered questionnaire. Bivariate and multivariate logistic regressions were performed to identify factors associated with injury. Odds ratios with 95 % confidence interval were computed to determine the level of significance. The prevalence of injury was 55.6 %. Being male (AOR = 2.8; 95 % CI, 1.79-4.47), monthly income less than 34.2 USD (AOR = 1.89; 95 % CI, 1.03-3.46), being age between 20 to 44 years (AOR = 2.25; 95 % CI, 1.06-4.81), being a daily laborer (AOR = 6.27; 95 % CI, 2.38-16.47), being a farmer (AOR = 2.9; 95 % CI, 1.31-6.41) and being a substance user (AOR = 2. 16; 95 % CI, 1.18-3.96) were significantly associated with injury. The prevalence of injury was high. Being male, age 20 to 44 years, income < 34.2 USD, being a daily laborer, being a farmer and alcohol use were factors associated with injury. Hence, appropriate injury prevention strategy should be designed in order to lessen the magnitude of injury.BMC Emergency Medicine 08/2015; 15(1):20. DOI:10.1186/s12873-015-0044-3
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