Detection of ECG Arrhythmia using a differential expert system approach based on principal component analysis and least square support vector machine

Selcuk University, Electrical and Electronics Engineering Department, 42035 Konya, Turkey
Applied Mathematics and Computation (Impact Factor: 1.6). 03/2007; DOI: 10.1016/j.amc.2006.08.020
Source: DBLP

ABSTRACT Changes in the normal rhythm of a human heart may result in different cardiac arrhythmias, which may be immediately fatal or cause irreparable damage to the heart sustained over long periods of time. The ability to automatically identify arrhythmias from ECG recordings is important for clinical diagnosis and treatment. In this study, we have detected on ECG Arrhythmias using principal component analysis (PCA) and least square support vector machine (LS-SVM). The approach system has two stages. In the first stage, dimension of ECG Arrhythmias dataset that has 279 features is reduced to 15 features using principal component analysis. In the second stage, diagnosis of ECG Arrhythmias was conducted by using LS-SVM classifier. We took the ECG Arrhythmias dataset used in our study from the UCI (from University of California, Department of Information and Computer Science) machine learning database. Classifier system consists of three stages: 50–50% of training-test dataset, 70–30% of training-test dataset and 80–20% of training-test dataset, subsequently, the obtained classification accuracies; 96.86%, 100% ve 100%. The end benefit would be to assist the physician to make the final decision without hesitation. This result is for ECG Arrhythmias disease but it states that this method can be used confidently for other medical diseases diagnosis problems, too.