CO2 Capture by the Amine-modified Mesoporous Materials

Laboratory for Advanced Materials, Department of Chemistry, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai 200237, P. R. China
Acta Physico-Chimica Sinica 01/2007; DOI: 10.1016/S1872-1508(07)60046-1

ABSTRACT Novel CO2 adsorbents were prepared by grafting two different aminosilanes on mesoporous silica MCM-41 and SBA-15. The properties of the mesoporous materials before and after surface modification were investigated by powder X-ray diffraction (XRD) pattern, solid-state 29Si nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectra, and measurements of N2 adsorption and desorption isothermal, which confirmed that aminosilanes were grafted on the surface of the channels in the mesoporous materials. Thermogravimetry analysis (TGA) evaluated the amount of grafted amine to be about 1.5–2.9 mmol·g−1. The CO2 adsorption capacity of MCM-41 increased from 0.67 mmol·g−1 to 2.20 mmol·g−1 after AEAPMDS (N-β-(aminoethyl)-γ-aminopropyl dimethoxy methylsilane) modification (p=101 kPa) at room temperature. The studies of the mechanism of CO2 adsorption suggested that there were two main contributions to the increase: the chemical adsorption based on the active sites of amine groups and the capillary condensation caused by the nano-scale channels of the mesoporous materials.