Phosphorylation of poly(ADP-ribose)polymerase protein in human peripheral lymphocytes stimulated with phytohemagglutinin
ABSTRACT Intracellular phosphorylation of poly(ADP-ribose)polymerase was assayed in streptolysin-O-permeabilized human lymphocytes. Whereas 32P incorporation from [ρ-32P]ATP into immunoprecipitated enzyme protein was undetectable in resting cells, significant phosphorylation of this enzyme was observed in lymphocytes treated with phytohemagglutinin. The phosphorylation of poly(ADP-ribose)polymerase in permeabilized cells was not stimulated by phorbol ester, while phorbol-induced phosphorylation of other proteins and of a specific oligopeptide substrate of protein kinase C was observed. However, the specific inhibitory pseudosubstrate peptide of protein kinase C blocked the phosphorylation of poly(ADP-ribose)polymerase induced by phytohemagglutinin. Therefore, a potential role of a member of the protein kinase C family in the phytohemagglutinin stimulated intracellular phosphorylation of poly(ADP-ribose)polymerase is conceivable.
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ABSTRACT: Human poly(ADP-ribose) synthetase consists of three proteolytically separable domains, the first for binding of DNA, the second for automodification, and the third for binding of the substrate, NAD (Ushiro, H., Yokoyama, Y., and Shizuta, Y. (1987) J. Biol. Chem. 262, 2352-2357). We have isolated and sequenced cDNA clones for the enzyme using synthesized oligodeoxyribonucleotide probes based on the partial amino acid sequence of the protein. The open reading frame determined encodes a protein of 1,013 amino acid residues with a molecular weight of 113,203. The deduced amino acid sequence is consistent with the partial amino acid sequences of tryptic or alpha-chymotryptic peptides and the total amino acid composition of the purified enzyme. The native enzyme is relatively hydrophilic as judged from the hydrophilicity profile of the total amino acid sequence. The net charge of the NAD binding domain is neutral but the DNA binding domain and the automodification domain are considerably rich in lysine residue and quite basic. The DNA binding domain involves a homologous repeat in the sequence and exhibits a sequence homology with localized regions of transforming proteins such as c-fos and v-fos. Furthermore, this domain contains a unique sequence element which resembles the essential peptide sequences for nuclear location of SV40 and polyoma virus large T antigens. These facts suggest the possibility that the physiological function of poly(ADP-ribose) synthetase lies in its ability to bind to DNA and to control transformation of living eukaryotic cells like the cases of those oncogene products.Journal of Biological Chemistry 12/1987; 262(33):15990-7. · 4.65 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The DNA-associating enzyme, adenosine diphosphoribosyltransferase, has been isolated from calf thymus by selective precipitation with a solution of dihydroxy Reactive Red 120, followed by extraction of the enzyme from the precipitate with 2 M KCl and an on-line train of three successive column chromatographic steps, including a final 3-aminobenzamide-Sepharose 4B affinity chromatography. The method yields 8-9 mg of more than 95% homogeneous enzyme protein per kilogram starting material and requires about 3 working days. This dye precipitation method is distinct from affinity precipitation, since it involves the binding of the dye to both nonspecific sites and the substrate and DNA sites of the transferase as indicated by enzyme inhibition by dihydroxy Reactive Red 120 at both enzyme sites.Analytical Biochemistry 12/1987; 167(1):160-6. · 2.58 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Type II and type III isoenzymes of protein kinase C isolated from rabbit thymus cells were activated at relatively low concentrations but were inhibited at higher concentrations of arachidonic acid. Activation by cis-unsaturated fatty acids required Ca2+; the maximal activity was approached at about 10(-6) M Ca2+ concentration. The kinetics of activation and inhibition by arachidonic acid depended strongly on the nature of the substrate (synthetic oligopeptide or H1 histone), on the concentration of the protein substrate and on the stage of purification of the isoenzyme preparation investigated. Activation seemed to be favoured at high protein concentrations.FEBS Letters 01/1991; 276(1-2):223-6. · 3.58 Impact Factor