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Report on anisakid nematodes in polar regions – Preliminary results

University of Gdańsk, Department of Invertebrate Zoology, Gdynia, Poland; Institute of Oceanology PAS, Department of Genetics and Marine Biotechnology, Sopot, Poland; University of Gdańsk, Biological Station, Gdańsk, Poland; Veterinary Hygiene Station, Gdańsk-Oliwa, Poland
Polar Science 01/2009; DOI: 10.1016/j.polar.2009.08.003

ABSTRACT The aim of this study is to extend our knowledge of the distribution of anisakid nematode parasites in Arctic and Antarctic polar regions. We examined vertebrate (fish) taxa characteristic of the faunas in both polar regions for the presence of parasitic nematodes. The material was collected from Svalbard (Arctic) between July and August 2008 and from King George Island (South Shetland Islands, Antarctic Peninsula) between November 2007 and January 2008. In addition, faecal, bird, and invertebrate samples were collected and examined for the presence of anisakid nematodes or eggs. Anisakis simplex s.s. was found in the body cavity of Arctic cod, and Contracaecum sp. and Pseudoterranova sp. were found in Antarctic notothenioids. Eggs of Anisakis sp. and Contracaecum sp. were recovered from the faeces of Mirounga leonina. We present the first record of the occurrence of A. simplex C in the Antarctic fishes Notothenia coriiceps and Notothenia rossii.

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