Article

Frequency and phase noise of ultra-high Q silicon nitride nanomechanical resonators

Physical review. B, Condensed matter (Impact Factor: 3.66). 04/2012; DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.85.161410
Source: arXiv

ABSTRACT We describe the measurement and modeling of amplitude noise and phase noise
in ultra-high Q nanomechanical resonators made from stoichiometric silicon
nitride. With quality factors exceeding 2 million, the resonators' noise
performance is studied with high precision. We find that the amplitude noise
can be well described by the thermomechanical model, however, the resonators
exhibit sizable extra phase noise due to their intrinsic frequency
fluctuations. We develop a method to extract the resonator frequency
fluctuation of a driven resonator and obtain a noise spectrum with dependence,
which could be attributed to defect motion with broadly distributed relaxation
times.

Full-text

Available from: Wolfram H. P. Pernice, May 19, 2014
0 Followers
 · 
83 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Nanophotonic integrated circuits offer unique advantages for studying the interaction of light fields with mechanical structures. Because nanoscale waveguides are closely size-matched to nanomechanical devices, strong optomechanical interactions arise which can be harnessed in optical systems. The additional mechanical degrees of freedom provided by optomechanical devices are of particular interest for material systems in which tunability of the optical properties is not readily available. Here, suitable materials for the realization of chip-based optomechanical circuits are discussed and analyzed in terms of performance and the achievable quality factors. In particular, materials that offer large electronic band gaps are of interest, because in this case broadband optical transparency is achieved, combined with reduced free carrier effects. Several device geometries that can be used for enhancing optical forces are presented which address both an increase in the field gradient and the net optical force through resonant enhancement. Combining a variety of optomechanical components into full circuits thus provides a new route toward functional nanophotonic circuits with applications in sensing and optical signal processing in a chip-scale framework.
    IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics Ferroelectrics and Frequency Control 11/2014; 61(11):1889-98. DOI:10.1109/TUFFC.2013.006251 · 1.50 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The rapid development of micro- and nanomechanical oscillators in the past decade has led to the emergence of novel devices and sensors that are opening new frontiers in both applied and fundamental science. The potential of these devices is however affected by their increased sensitivity to external perturbations. Here we report a non-perturbative optomechanical stabilization technique and apply the method to stabilize a linear nanomechanical beam at its thermodynamic limit at room temperature. The reported ability to stabilize a nanomechanical oscillator to the thermodynamic limit can be extended to a variety of systems and increases the sensitivity range of nanomechanical sensors in both fundamental and applied studies.
    Nature Communications 12/2013; 4:2860. DOI:10.1038/ncomms3860 · 10.74 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Carbon nanotube mechanical resonators have attracted considerable interest because of their small mass, the high quality of their surfaces, and the pristine electronic states they host. However, their small dimensions result in fragile vibrational states that are difficult to measure. Here, we observe quality factors Q as high as 5 × 10(6) in ultra-clean nanotube resonators at a cryostat temperature of 30 mK, where we define Q as the ratio of the resonant frequency over the linewidth. Measuring such high quality factors requires the use of an ultra-low-noise method to rapidly detect minuscule vibrations, as well as careful reduction of the noise of the electrostatic environment. We observe that the measured quality factors fluctuate because of fluctuations of the resonant frequency. We measure record-high quality factors, which are comparable to the highest Q values reported in mechanical resonators of much larger size, a remarkable result considering that reducing the size of resonators is usually concomitant with decreasing quality factors. The combination of ultra-low mass and very large Q offers new opportunities for ultra-sensitive detection schemes and quantum optomechanical experiments.
    Nature Nanotechnology 10/2014; 9(12). DOI:10.1038/nnano.2014.234 · 33.27 Impact Factor