Changing Patterns of Substance Use on Campus: A Four-Year Follow-up Study
The International journal of the addictions 03/1977; 12(1):73-94. DOI: 10.3109/10826087709027211
In 1969 and 1973, 598 and 474 randomly selected students at a large midwestern university reported their present and past use, and extent of use of substances taken without medical prescription. Ten of the 18 substances showed a significant increase in percentage of users over time with greatest increases for marijuana, hashish, and alcohol. These three plus tobacco are those substances most used by students and used most frequently. Other substances are used by less than 7 per cent presently and by less than 4 per cent on an often or regular basis. The percentage of tobacco users has not diminished, but smokers report lower frequencies of use in 1973. Single undergraduates reported highest percentage of substance users, and sex differences were not evident. Methodological issues in survey research on substance use are discussed as well as implications for substance educational programming.
Article: Monitoring Trends in Drug Use[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The pattern of drug use in a community can alter so rapidly that the conventional methods of survey do not adequately assess the dynamics of the situation. Monitoring may indicate changes in prevalence, attitudes, and a variety of other criteria in the course of time, and from this base allow assessment of intervention measures and the prediction of trends. Annual surveys of selected population groups with a self-administered questionnaire established the utility of this technique of monitoring, and revealed a progressive increase in the use of licit and illicit drugs, principally alcohol and marijuana. The only group of drugs to show a decrease in use were the stimulants.The International journal of the addictions 05/1980; 15(3):375-90. DOI:10.3109/10826088009040024
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ABSTRACT: Available data on Canadian and U.S. student drinking patterns are compared. Among the factors and implications discussed are prevalency and volume of drinking, its relation to other drug use, negative behavioral consequences, student characteristics, attitudes, motivation, and the influence of home, high school, and college environment in establishing drinking habits. (MSE)
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ABSTRACT: The extent to which drug use has increased, decreased, or leveled in the recent past is still subject to debate. This inconclusiveness is at least partly the result of the researchers' inability to monitor drug use in a constant and ongoing fashion. Instead, cross-sectional studies of different populations taken at different points in time are most often used to examine "trends." This paper suggests that arrest data, easily obtainable and immediately analyzable, may be used with caution to observe change in drug use.The International journal of the addictions 06/1983; 18(4):465-78. DOI:10.3109/10826088309033031
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