Article

# A quantum statistical approach to simplified stock markets

Dipartimento di Metodi e Modelli Matematici, Facoltà di Ingegneria, Università di Palermo, I - 90128 Palermo, Italy

Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications (Impact Factor: 1.68). 01/2009; DOI: 10.1016/j.physa.2009.07.006 Source: RePEc

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**ABSTRACT:**The Black-Scholes model anticipates rather well the observed prices for options in the case of a strike price that is not too far from the current price of the underlying asset. Some useful extensions can be obtained by an adequate modification of the coefficients in the Black-Scholes equation. We investigate from a mathematical point of view an extension directly related to the quantum harmonic oscillator. In the considered case, the solution is the sum of a series involving the Hermite-Gauss functions. A finite-dimensional version is obtained by using a finite oscillator and the Harper functions. This simplified model keeps the essential characteristics of the continuous one and uses finite sums instead of series and integrals.10/2013; - [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]

**ABSTRACT:**We present a finite-dimensional version of the quantum model for the stock market proposed in [C. Zhang and L. Huang, A quantum model for the stock market, Physica A 389(2010) 5769]. Our approach is an attempt to make this model consistent with the discrete nature of the stock price and is based on the mathematical formalism used in the case of the quantum systems with finite-dimensional Hilbert space. The rate of return is a discrete variable corresponding to the coordinate in the case of quantum systems, and the operator of the conjugate variable describing the trend of the stock return is defined in terms of the finite Fourier transform. The stock return in equilibrium is described by a finite Gaussian function, and the time evolution of the stock price, directly related to the rate of return, is obtained by numerically solving a Schrodinger type equation.Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications 01/2013; 392(2):371-280. · 1.68 Impact Factor - [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]

**ABSTRACT:**The price of a given stock is exactly known only at the time of sale when the stock is between the traders. If we know the price (owner) then we have no information on the owner (price). A more general description including cases when we have partial information on both price and ownership is obtained by using the quantum mechanics methods. The relation price-ownership is similar to the relation position-momentum. Our approach is based on the mathematical formalism used in the case of quantum systems with finite-dimensional Hilbert space. The linear operator corresponding to the ownership is obtained from the linear operator corresponding to the price by using the finite Fourier transform. In our idealized model, the Schrodinger type equation describing the time evolution of the stock price is solved numerically.08/2012;

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