Modeling and calculation of temperature-concentration polarisation in the membrane distillation process (MD)
ABSTRACT A model for a membrane distillation process in a plate-and-frame unit has been developed. It is based on a mass and energy balance equation for hydrodynamic, temperature and concentration boundary layers. The model takes into account energy interdependence between flow in feed and in permeate channels. A model taking into consideration temperature-concentration polarisation (TCP) predicts temperature and concentration values at the membrane surface. The model consists of an analytical equation and permits simulation or analysis of the influence of various factors to permeate flux.
- SourceAvailable from: Veera Gnaneswar GudeRecent Patents on Chemical Engineering. 01/2010; 2(2):128-158.
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ABSTRACT: Membrane distillation (MD) has become an area of rapidly increasing research and development since the 1990s, providing a potentially cost effective thermally-driven desalination technology when paired with waste heat, solar thermal or geothermal heat sources. One principal challenge for MD is scaling and fouling contamination of the membrane, which has gained growing attention in the literature recently as well. The present paper surveys the published literature on MDmembrane fouling. The goal of this work is to synthesize the key fouling conditions, fouling types, harmful effects, and mitigation techniques to provide a basis for future technology development. The investigation includes physical, thermal and flow conditions that affect fouling, types of fouling, mechanisms of fouling, fouling differences by sources of water, system design, effects of operating parameters, prevention, cleaning, membrane damage, and future trends. Finally, numerical modeling of the heat and mass transfer processes has been used to calculate the saturation index at the MD membrane interface and is used to better understand and explain some of trends reported in literature.Desalination 01/2015; 356:294-313. · 3.04 Impact Factor
Article: Membrane distillation[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: This paper provides a state-of-the-art review of the separation process known as membrane distillation, MD. An introduction to the terminology and fundamental concepts associated with MD as well as a historical review of the developments in MD are presented. Membrane properties, transport phenomena, and module design are discussed in detail. A critical evaluation of the MD literature is incorporated throughout this review.Journal of Membrane Science 02/1997; 124(1):1–25. · 4.09 Impact Factor