Heart failure is an epidemic within the United States and, despite current medical therapy, carries a high mortality rate. Growth hormone and insulin-like growth factor-1 have known direct effects on the cardiovascular system. Improvement in contractility, reduction in wall stress, and increase in cardiac performance have been noted in animal experiments. Furthermore, preliminary data from human trials are encouraging. This report outlines the biology of growth hormone, the experimental and human data to support clinical trials of growth hormone treatment, and the outcome of trials reported to date.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The objective was to assess the cardiac effects of growth hormone (GH) therapy. Anthracycline-treated childhood cancer survivors frequently have reduced left ventricular (LV) wall thickness and contractility, and GH therapy may affect these factors.
We examined serial cardiac findings for 34 anthracycline-treated childhood cancer survivors with several years of GH therapy and baseline cardiac z scores similar to those of a comparison group (86 similar cancer survivors without GH therapy).
LV contractility was decreased among GH-treated patients before, during, and after GH therapy (-1.08 SD below the age-adjusted population mean before therapy and -1.88 SD 4 years after therapy ceased, with each value depressed below normal). Contractility was higher in the control group than in the GH-treated group, with this difference being nearly significant. The GH-treated children had thinner LV walls before GH therapy (-1.38 SD). Wall thickness increased during GH therapy (from -1.38 SD to -1.09 SD after 3 years of GH therapy), but the effect was lost shortly after GH therapy ended and thickness diminished over time (-1.50 SD at 1 year after therapy and -1.96 SD at 4 years). During GH therapy, the wall thickness for the GH-treated group was greater than that for the control group; however, by 4 years after therapy, there was no difference between the GH-treated group and the control group.
GH therapy among anthracycline-treated survivors of childhood cancer increased LV wall thickness, but the effect was lost after therapy was discontinued. The therapy did not affect the progressive LV dysfunction.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Over the last 40 years, great progress has been made in treating childhood and adult cancers. However, this progress has come at an unforeseen cost, in the form of emerging long-term effects of anthracycline treatment. A major complication of anthracycline therapy is its adverse cardiovascular effects. If these cardiac complications could be reduced or prevented, higher doses of anthracyclines could potentially be used, thereby further increasing cancer cure rates. Moreover, as the incidence of cardiac toxicity resulting in congestive heart failure or even heart transplantation dropped, the quality and extent of life for cancer survivors would improve. We review the proposed mechanisms of action of anthracyclines and the consequences associated with anthracycline treatment in children and adults. We summarise the most promising current strategies to limit or prevent anthracycline-induced cardiotoxicity, as well as possible strategies to prevent existing cardiomyopathy from worsening.
British Journal of Haematology 01/2006; 131(5):561-78. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2141.2005.05759.x · 4.71 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Over the last 40 years, a significant advance has been made in the treatment of childhood and adult cancers. However, the increase of the survival rate points out medium- and long-term adverse effects that constitute a serious limitation for the quality of life in adults survived from a childhood cancer. Cardiovascular disease is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in adults treated with chemo- and radiotherapy for childhood cancers. Although some antitumor treatments are potentially cardiotoxic, anthracycline therapy and radiotherapy are mostly responsible for long-term cardiac damage. Anthracycline toxicity is generally limited to the myocardium, while radiation can cause injury to all components of the heart. The purpose of this review is to discuss the mechanisms of action of anthracyclines, their cardiotoxicity, the feasibility of screening, and the prevention of cardiac damage after treatment in childhood.
Data provided are for informational purposes only. Although carefully collected, accuracy cannot be guaranteed. The impact factor represents a rough estimation of the journal's impact factor and does not reflect the actual current impact factor. Publisher conditions are provided by RoMEO. Differing provisions from the publisher's actual policy or licence agreement may be applicable.