Regulation of nif gene expression and nitrogen metabolism in Azospirillum
ABSTRACT The Azospirillum genus comprises nitrogen-fixing bacteria which have been isolated from the roots of numerous grasses, including cereals, sugar cane and forage grasses. Among the five species known, Azospirillum brasilense is the best documented in terms of genetics and regulation of nitrogen fixation and ammonia assimilation. Several key regulatory and structural genes have been characterized, including nifA, ntrBC, glnA, glnB and rpoN. Regulation of their expression has been studied at the free-living state and in association with wheat. A model of regulation is reported and the challenge of engineering nitrogen-fixing associations is also discussed.
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ABSTRACT: Our previous study indicated org35 was involved in chemotaxis and interacted with nitrogen fixation transcriptional activator NifA via PAS domain. In order to reveal the role of org35 in nitrogen regulation, the downstream target genes of org35 were identified. We here report differentially expressed genes in org35 mutants comparing with wild type Sp7 by means of cDNA-AFLP. Four up-regulated transcript-derived fragments (TDFs) homologues of chemotaxis transduction proteins were found, including CheW, methyl-accepting chemotaxis protein and response regulator CheY-like receiver. Three distinct TDFs (AB46, AB58 and AB63) were similar to PHB de-polymerase C-terminus, cell shape-determining protein and flagellin domain protein. And 11 TDFs showed similarities with signal transduction proteins, including homologous protein of the nitrogen regulation protein NtrY and nitrate/nitrite response regulator protein NarL. These data suggested that the Azospirillum brasilense org35 was a multi-effecter and involved in chemotaxis, cyst development and regulation of nitrogen fixation.Microbiological Research 01/2011; 166(8):595-605. · 1.99 Impact Factor