Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors are rare tumors compromising about 5% of all malignant soft tissue tumors. Treatment of these tumors is surgical but surgical resection is not always easy. We are presenting a low grade retroperitoneal malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor in which we used selective arterial embolization before surgery and surgical resection became possible.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Malignant peripheral nerve-sheath neoplasms frequently complicate neurofibromatosis causing pain, enlarging masses, or neurologic deficits. However, similar findings sometimes also occur with benign nerve neoplasms. Our study was done retrospectively to determine if imaging techniques can differentiate malignant from benign nerve tumors in neurofibromatosis. Eight patients with symptomatic neoplasms (three benign, five malignant) were studied by CT in eight, MR in six, and 67Ga-citrate scintigraphy in seven. Uptake of 67Ga occurred in all five malignant lesions but not in two benign neoplasms studied. On CT or MR, all eight lesions, including three benign neoplasms, showed inhomogeneities. Of five lesions with irregular, infiltrative margins on CT or MR, four were malignant and one was benign. Of three lesions with smooth margins, one was malignant and two were benign. One malignant neoplasm caused irregular bone destruction. Accordingly, CT and MR could not generally distinguish malignant from benign lesions with certainty. However, both CT and MR provided structural delineation to help surgical planning for both types of lesion. 67Ga scintigraphy appears promising as a screening technique to identify lesions with malignant degeneration in patients with neurofibromatosis. Any area of abnormal radiogallium uptake suggests malignancy warranting further evaluation by CT or MR. Biopsy of any questionable lesion is essential.
American Journal of Roentgenology 12/1987; 149(5):1059-64. DOI:10.2214/ajr.149.5.1059 · 2.73 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors (MPNST) are derived from Schwann cells or pluripotent cells of the neural crest. Delay of diagnosis is common, especially in lesions affecting proximal parts of the peripheral nervous system. Presented is a series of 54 patients with MPNST seen at a single institution over a 10-year period. In this series, tumor diameter of <5 cm, gross total resection of the tumor, and younger age were favorable prognostic variables.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: T2-weighted MR imaging of soft tissue tumors of neural origin may show round lesions with a central hypointensity and a hyperintense rim resembling a target. We define the "target sign" as a mass consisting of a solitary target, or a multicompartmental mass in which the largest component consists of multiple targets.
The objective of this study was to determine whether the target sign can differentiate benign neurofibromas and their malignant counterparts, malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors. Materials and methods. Preoperative T2-weighted MR images of 23 neurofibromas or malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors were retrospectively reviewed in 16 patients, aged 3 weeks to 20 years (median 15 years), without knowledge of the pathologic diagnosis. The presence or absence of a target sign was noted.
The target sign was seen in all 12 neurofibromas and 1 of the 11 malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors. Statistical analysis showed good differentiation of benign and malignant tumors using this sign (chi = 0.91).
The target sign on T2-weighted MR imaging is helpful in differentiating neurofibromas from malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors.
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