The Creative Experience Questionnaire (CEQ): A brief self-report measure of fantasy proneness

Department of Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, PO Box 616, 6200, MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
Personality and Individual Differences (Impact Factor: 1.95). 10/2001; 31(6):987-995. DOI: 10.1016/S0191-8869(00)00201-4


The current article describes the psychometric qualities of the Creative Experiences Questionnaire (CEQ), a brief 25-item self-report measure of fantasy proneness. Findings indicate that the CEQ demonstrates adequate test-retest stability and internal consistency. CEQ scores appear not to be related to social desirability. The CEQ was found to be strongly correlated with a concurrent measure of fantasy proneness. Furthermore, there are substantial correlations between the CEQ and standard measures of absorption, schizotypy, and dissociation. Bearing in mind that these constructs are thought to be intimately linked to fantasy proneness, this pattern of correlations supports the validity of the CEQ. The CEQ might be fruitfully used as a brief research scale in several domains (e.g. studies on pseudomemories).

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Article: The Creative Experience Questionnaire (CEQ): A brief self-report measure of fantasy proneness

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    • "Other measures asked about memory for their negative emotions in the week following 11 September 2001. In addition to those questions, participants also completed a number of measures, including an alcohol-use scale (modified from LaBrie, Hummer, Grant, & Lac, 2010), the Creative Experiences Questionnaire (fantasy proneness; Merckelbach, Muris, & Rassin, 1999; Merckelbach, Horselenberg, & Muris, 2001), and the DES-C (Wright & Loftus, 1999). Session 1 typically took participants about 35 minutes to complete. "
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    • "The second orientation was related with the memories that individuals recovered about developmental antecedents. This structure of two components was different from other structures found previously—one component by Merckelbach et al. (2001) and three components by Sa´nchez-Bernardos and Avia (2004). Given that the samples of the aforementioned studies were different in age, the discrepancies between our findings and previous research might be due to the developmental processes that take place in fantasy activity. "
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    • "e fantasies , and imagination . The items were derived from case vignettes on fantasy proneness provided by Wilson and Barber ( 1983 ) . Illustrative items are " I spent more than half of the day on fantasizing or daydreaming " and " Many of my fantasies are as vivid as a good movie . " A total CEQ score is obtained by summing the items endorsed . Merckelbach et al . ( 2001 ) found adequate test – retest reliability and internal consistency . Clinician - Administered Dissociative States Scale ( Cronbach ' s α = 0 . 91−0 . 94 ) . The 27 - item CADSS ( Bremner et al . , 1998 ) is composed of 19 subject - rated items and eight oberver - scored items . Items are scored on a 5 - point scale ( 0 = not at all , 4"
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