The Creative Experiences Questionnaire (CEQ): A brief self-report measure of fantasy proneness

Department of Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, PO Box 616, 6200, MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
Personality and Individual Differences (Impact Factor: 1.86). 10/2001; 31(6):987-995. DOI: 10.1016/S0191-8869(00)00201-4

ABSTRACT The current article describes the psychometric qualities of the Creative Experiences Questionnaire (CEQ), a brief 25-item self-report measure of fantasy proneness. Findings indicate that the CEQ demonstrates adequate test-retest stability and internal consistency. CEQ scores appear not to be related to social desirability. The CEQ was found to be strongly correlated with a concurrent measure of fantasy proneness. Furthermore, there are substantial correlations between the CEQ and standard measures of absorption, schizotypy, and dissociation. Bearing in mind that these constructs are thought to be intimately linked to fantasy proneness, this pattern of correlations supports the validity of the CEQ. The CEQ might be fruitfully used as a brief research scale in several domains (e.g. studies on pseudomemories).

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Available from: Robert Horselenberg, Sep 28, 2015
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    • "The second orientation was related with the memories that individuals recovered about developmental antecedents. This structure of two components was different from other structures found previously—one component by Merckelbach et al. (2001) and three components by Sa´nchez-Bernardos and Avia (2004). Given that the samples of the aforementioned studies were different in age, the discrepancies between our findings and previous research might be due to the developmental processes that take place in fantasy activity. "
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    ABSTRACT: This study was aimed to analyze the relationships of fantasy proneness with the personality domains encompassed within the Five-Factor Model of personality in an adult sample. A 15-item scale from the Creative Experiences Questionnaire with adequate internal consistency was used to measure fantasy proneness. The results showed two components of fantasy proneness. First one was characterized by vividness-intensity of imaginings that remained hidden for other people; the second component was composed of developmental antecedents of pretense and make-believe activities. Both components were correlated with Neuroticism (anxiety, depression, and impulsivity), Openness to Experience (fantasy, aesthetics, and feelings), and with general psychological distress and severe psychopathological symptoms. However, only the first component was associated with low Conscientiousnees (competence, order, dutifulness, and self-discipline), and only the second one was correlated with Extraversion (activity, excitement seeking, and positive emotions). Our results fitted with the notion that fantasy proneness might be a multidimensional construct.
    Imagination Cognition and Personality 05/2015; 34(4):327-339..
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    • "e fantasies , and imagination . The items were derived from case vignettes on fantasy proneness provided by Wilson and Barber ( 1983 ) . Illustrative items are " I spent more than half of the day on fantasizing or daydreaming " and " Many of my fantasies are as vivid as a good movie . " A total CEQ score is obtained by summing the items endorsed . Merckelbach et al . ( 2001 ) found adequate test – retest reliability and internal consistency . Clinician - Administered Dissociative States Scale ( Cronbach ' s α = 0 . 91−0 . 94 ) . The 27 - item CADSS ( Bremner et al . , 1998 ) is composed of 19 subject - rated items and eight oberver - scored items . Items are scored on a 5 - point scale ( 0 = not at all , 4"
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    ABSTRACT: Dissociative symptoms have been related to higher rapid eye movement sleep density, a sleep phase during which hyperassociativity may occur. This may enhance artistic creativity during the day. To test this hypothesis, we conducted a creative photo contest to explore the relation between dissociation, sleep, and creativity. During the contest, participants (N = 72) took one photo per day for five consecutive days, based on specific daily themes (consisting of single words) and the instruction to take as creative a photo as possible each day. Furthermore, they completed daily measures of state dissociation and a short sleep diary. The photos and their captions were ranked by two professional photographers and two clinical psychologists based on creativity, originality, bizarreness, and quality. We expected that dissociative people would rank higher in the contest compared with low-dissociative participants, and that the most original photos would be taken on days when the participants scored highest on acute dissociation. We found that acute dissociation predicted a higher ranking on creativity. Poorer sleep quality and fewer hours of sleep predicted more bizarreness in the photos and captions. None of the trait measures could predict creativity. In sum, acute dissociation related to enhanced creativity. These findings contribute to our understanding of dissociative symptomatology.
    Frontiers in Psychology 03/2015; 6:324. DOI:10.3389/fpsyg.2015.00324 · 2.80 Impact Factor
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    • "Other measures asked about memory for their negative emotions in the week following 11 September 2001. In addition to those questions, participants also completed a number of measures, including an alcohol-use scale (modified from LaBrie, Hummer, Grant, & Lac, 2010), the Creative Experiences Questionnaire (fantasy proneness; Merckelbach, Muris, & Rassin, 1999; Merckelbach, Horselenberg, & Muris, 2001), and the DES-C (Wright & Loftus, 1999). Session 1 typically took participants about 35 minutes to complete. "
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    ABSTRACT: Previous crashing memory studies have shown that adults can be led to believe they witnessed video footage of news events for which no video footage actually exists. The current study is the first to investigate adults' tendency to report memories of viewing footage that took place when they were children: the plane crash in Pennsylvania on 11 September 2001. We found that in a computer questionnaire, 33% indicated a false memory with at least one false detail. In a more detailed face-to-face interview, only 13% of the group described a detailed false memory. Familiarity with the news story, fantasy proneness, alcohol use, and frequency of negative emotions after 9/11 were all associated with a Persistent False Memory. Participants who had received prior suggestion were more likely to later report false memories in the subsequent interview. We discuss our novel results and the importance of the paradigm.Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
    Applied Cognitive Psychology 01/2015; DOI:10.1002/acp.3165 · 1.67 Impact Factor
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