A novel automatic film changer for high-speed analysis of nuclear emulsions

Laboratory for High Energy Physics, University of Bern, Sidlerstrasse 5, Bern 3012, Switzerland
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A Accelerators Spectrometers Detectors and Associated Equipment (Impact Factor: 1.14). 01/2006; DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2006.07.042
Source: arXiv

ABSTRACT This paper describes the recent development of a novel automatic computer-controlled manipulator for emulsion sheet placement and removal at the microscope object table (also called stage). The manipulator is designed for mass scanning of emulsions for the OPERA neutrino oscillation experiment and provides emulsion changing time shorter than 30 s with an emulsion sheet positioning accuracy as good as RMS.

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    ABSTRACT: The hypothesis of neutrino flavour changing in weak interaction representation via oscillations is confirmed by several experiments, all based on the observation of the disappearance of a given neutrino flavour. The direct appearance of a flavour different from the initial one, was never observed so far. OPERA is the first long baseline neutrino oscillation experiment employing nuclear emulsions for the direct observation of tau neutrinos in the CERN to Gran Sasso muon neutrino beam. At present the experiment is in the data taking phase. The number of detected neutrino interactions have exceeded one thousand. Experiment status and a summary of results from 2007 and 2008 runs is presented in this paper.
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    ABSTRACT: We propose an innovative method for proton radiography based on nuclear emulsion film detectors, a technique in which images are obtained by measuring the position and the residual range of protons passing through the patient's body. For this purpose, nuclear emulsion films interleaved with tissue equivalent absorbers can be used to reconstruct proton tracks with very high accuracy. This is performed through a fully automated scanning procedure employing optical microscopy, routinely used in neutrino physics experiments. Proton radiography can be used in proton therapy to obtain direct information on the average tissue density for treatment planning optimization and to perform imaging with very low dose to the patient. The first prototype of a nuclear emulsion based detector has been conceived, constructed and tested with a therapeutic proton beam. The first promising experimental results have been obtained by imaging simple phantoms. Comment: Submitted to Journal of Instrumentation (JINST)
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    ABSTRACT: We propose to build and operate a detector based on the emulsion film technology for the measurement of the gravitational acceleration on antimatter, to be performed by the AEgIS experiment (AD6) at CERN. The goal of AEgIS is to test the weak equivalence principle with a precision of 1% on the gravitational acceleration g by measuring the vertical position of the anni- hilation vertex of antihydrogen atoms after their free fall in a horizontal vacuum pipe. With the emulsion technology developed at the University of Bern we propose to improve the performance of AEgIS by exploiting the superior position resolution of emulsion films over other particle de- tectors. The idea is to use a new type of emulsion films, especially developed for applications in vacuum, to yield a spatial resolution of the order of one micron in the measurement of the sag of the antihydrogen atoms in the gravitational field. This is an order of magnitude better than what was planned in the original AEgIS proposal.
    Journal of Instrumentation 11/2012; 8(02). · 1.66 Impact Factor

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