Prise en charge des douleurs abdominales de l’adulte aux Urgences

Département d’Accueil et de Traitement des Urgences, CHU Caen – Caen
Journal de Chirurgie (Impact Factor: 0.5). 01/2006; DOI: 10.1016/S0021-7697(06)73597-9

ABSTRACT Abdominal pain is a commonplace reason for surgical consultation in the emergency department and is the the most common symptom which the digestive surgeon on-call must evaluate. He must understand the pathophysiologic basis of visceral pain and referred pain in order to appreciate its diverse manifestations. Abdominal pain can stem from many causes intestinal and non-intestinal, medical and surgical. Evaluation and management in the emergency department must be rapid and pragmatic; clinical history and physical examination should define the gravity of the case, direct the first diagnostic procedures and complementary examinations, and guide the therapeutic direction. Ultrasonography is a quick and effective diagnostic procedure in the diagnosis of biliary, urologic, and gynecologic pathologies; it can be useful for other digestive problems as well.The new generation spiral CT scanner gives excellent definition of digestive and vascular pathologies. The initial evaluation and management of the acute abdomen may determine the prognosis of the patient ; it should lead to prompt symptomatic relief and to a well-directed treatment appropriate to the diagnosis.

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Available from: Eric E Roupie, Sep 26, 2015
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    ABSTRACT: Abdominal pain represents one of the most important diagnostic challenges for any physician and its correct interpretation and management require a proper systematic approach and sometimes an urgent action. Moreover the guidelines that can be referred to for indications about the most adequate management procedures are few and often focused only on radiologic management. Consequently, the approach to abdominal pain is often empirical. Therefore, we propose a review of the literature on the diagnosis of abdominal pain, which may contribute to improve the diagnosis and treatment of this complex condition through a systematic review of the evidences available in this field. As to our methodology, we conducted an extensive search in the main guideline databases (SIGN, ICSI, NICE, National Guideline Cleringhouse, CMA Infobase, NZ Guidelines Group, National System Guidelines, Clinical Practice Guidelines Portal, eGuidelines), using as key words abdominal pain and abdominalgia. The guidelines were assessed according to the 2010 Italian version of the AGREE (Appraisal of Guidelines, Research and Evaluation II) methodology. Afterwards we formulated our main recommendations associated with the corresponding levels of evidence and focused our attention on some grey areas, which we investigated with further research using Medline and the main systematic review databases (Cochrane database). The four main grey areas investigated were: hospital admission criteria, prognostic stratification, need for analgesic treatment and possibility of attributing abdominalgia to an abdominal pain syndrome. We then formulated our consesus-based recommendations on the grey areas. Abdominal pain management remains a complex issue for internists. As with other diagnostic challenges, it would be advisable to develop additional guidelines based on a multidisciplinary approach and not only focused on radiological management.
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