Pressure induced dimerisation of C70

Materials Science Division, Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam-603 102, India; Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560 012, India
Solid State Communications (Impact Factor: 1.53). 10/1997; DOI: 10.1016/S0038-1098(97)00317-7

ABSTRACT Solid C70 has been subjected simultaneously to high pressures and temperatures (HPHT), with pressures upto 7.5 GPa and temperatures upto 750°C. X-ray diffraction measurements on the recovered samples indicate that the initial h.c.p. solid C70 transforms to a rhombohedral structure which recovers to an f.c.c. structure on annealing. The associated changes in the intra molecular vibrational modes have been probed through infrared (IR) and Raman measurements. The IR measurements on these HPHT samples show splitting of some of the pristine modes and occurrence of several new modes. These sharp IR modes in the HPHT treated samples, which are seen to be different from that reported for photopolymerised C70, have been attributed to the formation of C70 dimers.


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