Coping with homesickness: The construction of the adult homesickness coping questionnaire
ABSTRACT This study examined coping with homesickness in a sample of homesick adult women. For this purpose, the Adult Homesickness Coping Questionnaire (AHCQ) was constructed. Analysis of the structure of the AHCQ revealed four factors: Social Support, Positive Thinking/Distraction, Turning to Religion, and Mental Escape. The psychometric properties of the AHCQ appeared adequate. Results indicated that ways of coping with homesickness are related to diverse aspects of the homesickness experience, like length of stay in the homesickness situation, causal attributions, and intensity levels of homesickness feelings. It is emphasized that future prospective studies should focus specifically on the (in)effectiveness of coping strategies in order to design adequate interventions for homesick individuals.
- [show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The purpose of this paper is to discuss theories of the origin of ruminative thought. We begin by providing a working definition of rumination, separating rumination from other forms of cognitive activity and distinguishing ruminations from ordinary memories. Then, we review what we believe are the major categories of theory that attempt to account for the existence and nature of rumination. These include theories of traumatization, incompleteness, nondisclosure, and thought suppression. Ruminations may originate for a number of reasons, but it seems they may continue because of our attempts to control them. Evidence from studies on thought suppression suggests that the suppression of unwanted thoughts may in fact fuel the very emotions and thoughts we are trying to avoid. Thought suppression may set up a state in which we not only increase the amount we think about an unwanted thought, but potentially also sharpen our emotional reaction to those thoughts.Journal of Applied Social Psychology 07/2006; 25(14):1245 - 1261. · 0.83 Impact Factor
Article: Accelerating the coping process.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: On the basis of previous work, freshmen should evidence improved health after writing about their thoughts and feelings associated with entering college. One hundred thirty subjects were assigned to write either about coming to college or about superficial topics for 20 min on 3 days. One fourth of the subjects in each group wrote during the 1st, 5th, 9th, or 14th week of classes. Physician visits for illness in the months after writing were lower for the experimental than for the control subjects. Self-reports of homesickness and anxiety were higher in the experimental group 2-3 months after writing. By year's end, experimental subjects were either superior or similar to control subjects in grade average and in positive moods. No effects emerged as a function of when people wrote, suggesting that the coping process can be accelerated. Implications for comparing insight treatments with catharsis and for distinguishing between objective and self-report indicators of distress are discussed.Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 04/1990; 58(3):528-537. · 5.08 Impact Factor
- [show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: This study concentrates on personality characteristics and behavioral features of military conscripts suffering from homesickness. A comparison is made with healthy controls and with conscripts suffering from psychiatric symptoms of a different nature. Although the two pathological groups share several characteristics in comparison to the healthy group (elevated scores on Shyness, Psychopathology, Inadequacy, Social Inadequacy, and Hostility), homesick subjects also display certain specific features not—or far less—observed among the psychiatric control individuals (in particular, higher scores on Somatizing and Rigidity and lower scores on Extraversion, Negativism, Dominance, and Self-esteem). In addition, typical of homesick conscripts is the strong emotional tie to their parents and the strong need for social support. Moreover, they had experienced homesickness in their childhood. Given the retrospective nature of the present study, the need of prospective studies is stressed.Personality and Individual Differences. 01/1994;