Article

# String winding modes from charge non-conservation in compact Chern-Simons theory

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Physics Letters B (Impact Factor: 4.57). 01/1997; DOI: 10.1016/S0370-2693(96)01692-9 Source: arXiv

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**ABSTRACT:**It is shown that the Jain mapping between states of integer and fractional quantum Hall systems can be described dynamically as a perturbative renormalization of an effective Chern-Simons field theory. The effects of mirror duality symmetries of toroidally compactified string theory on this system are studied and it is shown that, when the gauge group is compact, the mirror map has the same effect as the Jain map. The extrinsic ingredients of the Jain construction appear naturally as topologically non-trivial field configurations of the compact gauge theory giving a dynamical origin for the Jain hierarchy of fractional quantum Hall states. Comment: 8 pages LaTeXPhysical Review B 12/1997; · 3.66 Impact Factor - [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]

**ABSTRACT:**We consider the conformally-invariant coupling of topologically massive gravity to a dynamical massless scalar field theory on a three-manifold with boundary. We show that, in the phase of spontaneously broken Lorentz and Weyl symmetries, this theory induces the target space zero mode of the vertex operator for the string dilaton field on the boundary of the three-dimensional manifold. By a further coupling to topologically massive gauge fields in the bulk, we demonstrate directly from the three-dimensional theory that this dilaton field transforms in the expected way under duality transformations so as to preserve the mass gaps in the spectra of the gauge and gravitational sectors of the quantum field theory. We show that this implies an intimate dynamical relationship between T-duality and S-duality transformations of the quantum string theory. The dilaton in this model couples bulk and worldsheet degrees of freedom to each other and generates a dynamical string coupling. Comment: 26 pages RevTeX, 1 figure, uses epsf.styJournal of High Energy Physics 11/1998; · 5.62 Impact Factor - [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]

**ABSTRACT:**We consider the possible role that chiral orbifold conformal field theories may play in describing the edge state theories of quantum Hall systems. This is a generalization of work that already exists in the literature, where it has been shown that 1+1 chiral bosons living on a n-dimensional torus, and which couple to a U1 gauge field, give rise to anomalous electric currents, the anomaly being related to the Hall conductivity. The well known duality group associated with such toroidal conformal field theories transforms the edge states and Hall conductivities in a way which makes interesting connections between different theories, e.g. between systems exhibiting the integer and fractional quantum Hall effect. In this paper we try to explore the extension of these constructions to the case where such bosons live on a n-dimensional orbifold. We give a general formalism for discussing the relevant quantities like the Hall conductance and their transformation under the duality groups present in orbifold compactifications. We illustrate these ideas by presenting a detailed analysis of a toy model based on the two-dimensional orbifold. In this model we obtain new classes of filling fractions, which generally correspond to fermionic edge states carrying fractional electric charge. We also consider the relation between orbifold edge theories and Luttinger liquids (LL's), which in the past have provided important insights into the physics of quantum Hall systems.Nuclear Physics B 01/1999; · 4.33 Impact Factor

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