Article

Creativity, intelligence, and psychoticism

Department of Psychology, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada N6A 5C2
Personality and Individual Differences (Impact Factor: 1.86). 01/1990; 11(12):1291-1298. DOI: 10.1016/0191-8869(90)90156-L

ABSTRACT Three studies find Creativity correlates with Psychoticism and Intelligence. With 52 university professors, publication and citation counts correlated 0.26 (P < 0.05) with Psychoticism assessed by a weighted composite of trait ratings made by faculty-peers and 0.40 (P < 0.01) with faculty-peer rated intelligence. Among 69 university professors, an enjoyment of research composite correlated r = 0.43 (P < 0.01) with Psychoticism assessed using a weighted composite of trait self ratings, although not with self-rated intelligence (r = 0.05). Among 194 university students, the Wallach-Kogan Test of Divergent Thinking correlated r = 0.17 (P < 0.05) with the P scale from the EPQ and r = 0.24 (P < 0.05) with an IQ test.

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    • ") as well as creative achievements (e.g., Booker, Fearn, & Francis, 2001; Gotz & Gotz, 1979; Rushton, 1990; Stephen, 2008). Eysenck (1995) suggests that, like psychotic individuals, creative individuals possess weak latent inhibition and consequently have ''wide associative horizons'' which allow them to perceive connections that others do not see. "
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    ABSTRACT: To elucidate potential relationships between personality and intelligence it is necessary to move beyond the ad hoc reporting of correlation coefficients and focus instead on testing deductions from well-established theories. To this end the present paper references Eysenck’s (1995) theoretical work linking the dimension of psychoticism to both psychosis and creative genius. Drawing on this theory it was argued that the relationship between psychoticism and crystallized ability will be conditional on the level of fluid intelligence. Participants (N = 100) completed the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire-Revised (EPQ-R) and the Kaufman Brief Intelligence Test (K-BIT). Moderated multiple regression revealed a significant interaction effect. Crystallized ability (K-BIT vocabulary) was negatively related to psychoticism at low levels of fluid ability (K-BIT matrices) and positively related to psychoticism at high levels of fluid ability. These findings highlight the potential importance of psychoticism within GfGc investment theory.Highlights► Fluid ability moderated the relationship between P and crystallized ability. ► At low levels of fluid ability P was negatively correlated with crystallized ability. ► At high fluid ability P was positively correlated with crystallized ability. ► The results justify a continued focus on the role of P within GfGc investment theory.
    Personality and Individual Differences 02/2012; 52(3):406-410. DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2011.10.051 · 1.86 Impact Factor
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    • "Although both scientists and artists score higher than average on this scale, the artists score even higher than the scientists (Feist, 1998). Moreover, there exists some empirical evidence that scores on psychoticism from individuals within a given science or art tend to be positively correlated with productivity, impact, or eminence (Götz & Götz, 1979; Rushton, 1990). An analogous effect has been found for the clinical scales of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (Barron, 1963). "
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    ABSTRACT: Prior research supports the inference that scientific disciplines can be ordered into a hierarchy ranging from the "hard" natural sciences to the "soft" social sciences. This ordering corresponds with such objective criteria as disciplinary consensus, knowledge obsolescence rate, anticipation frequency, theories-to-laws ratio, lecture disfluency, and age at recognition. It is then argued that this hierarchy can be extrapolated to encompass the humanities and arts and interpolated within specific domains to accommodate contrasts in subdomains (e.g., revolutionary versus normal science). This expanded and more finely differentiated hierarchy is then shown to have a partial psychological basis in terms of dispositional traits (e.g., psychopathology) and developmental experiences (e.g., family background). This demonstration then leads to three hypotheses about how a creator's domain-specific impact depends on his or her disposition and development: the domain-progressive, domain-typical, and domain-regressive creator hypotheses. Studies published thus far lend the most support to the domain-regressive creator hypothesis. In particular, major contributors to a domain are more likely to have dispositional traits and developmental experiences most similar to those that prevail in a domain lower in the disciplinary hierarchy. However, some complications to this generalization suggest the need for more research on the proposed hierarchical model. © 2009 Association for Psychological Science.
    Perspectives on Psychological Science 09/2009; 4(5):441-452. DOI:10.1111/j.1745-6924.2009.01152.x · 4.89 Impact Factor
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    • "Not only may leaders generate creative solutions of their own, but they may stimulate follower creativity through follower intrinsic motivation and higher quality leader– member exchange (Tierney, Farmer, & Graen, 1999). Researchers have long analyzed the relationship between creativity and intelligence (Guilford, 1950) and have concluded that the two are distinct but related constructs (Rushton, 1990). Thus, not only are intelligent leaders better problem solvers, but they are likely to be more creative and foster the creativity of their followers. "
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    ABSTRACT: Meta-analysis was used to aggregate results from studies examining the relationship between intelligence and leadership. One hundred fifty-one independent samples in 96 sources met the criteria for inclusion in the meta-analysis. Results indicated that the corrected correlation between intelligence and leadership is.21 (uncorrected for range restriction) and.27 (corrected for range restriction). Perceptual measures of intelligence showed stronger correlations with leadership than did paper-and-pencil measures of intelligence. Intelligence correlated equally well with objective and perceptual measures of leadership. Additionally, the leader's stress level and the leader's directiveness moderated the intelligence-leadership relationship. Overall, results suggest that the relationship between intelligence and leadership is considerably lower than previously thought. The results also provide meta-analytic support for both implicit leadership theory and cognitive resource theory.
    Journal of Applied Psychology 07/2004; 89(3):542-52. DOI:10.1037/0021-9010.89.3.542 · 4.31 Impact Factor
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